Appendix A: Sovereigns and Places

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This appendix to the Tangent Style Guide provides information about the sovereign states, non-state sovereign entities, and other areas of the world. It is intended to be a complete summary and may be treated as a prescriptive reference guide for English spellings of country names, their general structure and type of government, and which state should be treated as sovereign (if any) in disputed areas.

Criteria

As described in Tangent 6.7, entities that exercise stable de facto control over an area—regardless of their de jure status or international recognition—are treated as sovereigns, even when those areas are generally recognized as being de jure part of some other state. Accordingly, this includes several de facto states that are not recognized by the United Nations.

“Micronations” are included only if they are serious attempts at establishing a sovereign or independent area. They are listed as sovereign only if they exert stable de facto control over an area without significant interference by other states. Otherwise, they are listed under their parent states as disputed territories. If a micronation has been claimed in an area with no other valid de jure claim, but is not de facto sovereign, it will be listed under “Other Places” as described below.

Explanation of Terms

Categories

In the Tangent style, sovereigns and places are broken down into three main categories.

  • Sovereign States are those that exert stable de facto control over an area, regardless of their de jure status or whether they are widely recognized by other states. There are 207 sovereign states:
    • 193 United Nations member states
    • 11 de facto sovereign states unrecognized by the United Nations
    • 1 sovereign state categorized as a United Nations permanent observer
  • Non-State Sovereign Entities operate as sovereigns under international law and conduct their own foreign relations; they may or may not possess actual territory. There are 4 non-state sovereign entities:
    • 2 multinational organizations with some of the hallmarks of sovereignty
    • 1 sovereign religious organization categorized as a United Nations permanent observer
    • 1 other sovereign religious organization
  • Other Places are areas that include unclaimed territories, areas of shared sovereignty, and areas where no single entity exerts clear de facto control. There are 15 other places:
    • 5 multinational areas governed by treaty or mutual agreement between states
    • 3 areas disputed between sovereign states where none exercises stable de facto control
    • 2 areas disputed between sovereign states where multiple states exercise stable de facto control over only parts of the area
    • 2 areas of de jure unclaimed land where no entity exercises stable de facto control
    • 2 areas of submerged land claimed by entities that do not exercise stable de facto control
    • 1 ethnic group aspiring to statehood but currently split between areas controlled by other states

Governments

The government of each sovereign state operates primarily under one of the following four main types of governments, although it may sometimes incorporate features from other types.

In the Tangent style, preference is given to the de facto operation of the government. For example, a government may define itself as a presidential republic but operate in-fact as a totalitarian one-party state. In this case, Tangent will label it as a totalitarian one-party state.

  • Monarchies are states that vest political sovereignty in individual persons who are considered the head of state. There are three subtypes:
    • Absolute: Monarchs exert complete and independent control of the state. Absolute monarchies often resemble totalitarian dictatorships and tend to have low freedom rankings.
    • Limited: Monarchs exert political control of the state, but the extent of that control is significantly limited by a constitution or other restrictions. Limited monarchies sometimes resemble presidential republics.
    • Parliamentary: Monarchs have limited political influence and control of the state falls primarily to an elected legislature. Parliamentary monarchies often resemble parliamentary republics and tend to have high freedom rankings.
  • Republics are states that vest political sovereignty in the people. The head of state is chosen directly or indirectly by the people but may or may not have primary executive authority. There are three subtypes:
    • Parliamentary: The executive of the state is chosen by, and limited by, the legislature. Parliamentary republics often resemble parliamentary monarchies.
    • Presidential: The executive of the state is chosen independently of the legislature, often by direct election, and operates independently. Presidential republics sometimes resemble limited monarchies.
    • Semi-Presidential: The executive of the state is chosen independently of the legislature but is subject to significant controls or limits by the legislature.
  • Totalitarian states are those that severely restrict political or economic freedoms. They consolidate most or all government power in a single leader, party, or movement. There are three subtypes:
    • Dictatorship: Individual persons exert complete and independent control of the state. Totalitarian dictatorships often resemble absolute monarchies.
    • Military: Power is vested in the military or military leaders who exert complete and independent control of the state and choose the head of state.
    • One-Party: A single political party, movement, or organization exerts complete and independent control of the state and chooses the head of state.
  • Provisional states are those whose government is currently in transition or has no stable constitutional basis. It may share some features with other government types, but its long-term political structure is not determined.

Structures

There are three types of structures under which sovereign states are organized:

  • Unitary states are those whose sovereignty is vested in a single government that performs most or all administrative functions. It may, however, perform some of those functions through smaller administrative divisions.
  • Regional states are those whose sovereignty is vested in a single government, but where that government devolves or assigns important administrative functions to smaller subsidiary governments. Subsidiary governments have some autonomy.
  • Federal states are those whose sovereignty is shared between a national government and smaller subsidiary governments. Administrative functions are performed at both levels and subsidiary governments have significant autonomy.

Freedom Score

Where data is available, counties are assigned a “freedom score”—a normalized average of that country’s ranking in four independent reports on political and economic freedoms:

  • Democracy Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit (2020)
  • Global Freedom Scores by Freedom House (2021)
  • Human Freedom Index by the Cato Institute and the Fraser Institute (2020)
  • Index of Economic Freedom by the Heritage Foundation (2021)

In Tangent, states with scores from 0 to 59 are considered “Repressive,” those with scores from 60 to 74 are considered “Partly Free,” and those with scores of 75 and above are considered “Free.”

Development Score

Countries are also assigned a “development score”—a normalized average of that country’s ranking in two independent reports on human development:

  • Social Progress Global Index by the Social Progress Imperative (2021)
  • Human Development Index by the United Nations (2020)

In Tangent, development scores from 0 to 59 are considered “Low,” from 60 to 74 are considered “Medium,” and 75 and above are considered “High.”

Disputes

There are two types of sovereignty disputes noted in this document:

  • Sovereignty Disputes are instances where a de facto sovereign state lacks de jure authority, lacks or has inconsistent international recognition, or is entirely claimed by another state.
  • Territorial Disputes are instances where an area is disputed between multiple claimants. A disputed area may be listed based on its de facto status under one state and as disputed under another; in either case the dispute is briefly described.

Memberships

Membership status in the United Nations (U.N.) is listed for all sovereigns. Membership status in the E.U. is listed for members, prospective members, and applicants. Other notable memberships in major international bodies are listed as well.

All membership-based intergovernmental organizations that have been granted observer status at the U.N. are included, as are other notable international bodies like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), major regional alliances, and free trade zones.

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Sovereign States

Map of Abkhazia

Abkhazia is a partially recognized state located on the east coast of the Black Sea. It borders Russia to the north and Georgia to the east. Georgia claims the entire territory of Abkhazia, and a majority of the world’s nations consider Abkhazia to be part of Georgia, but it has been de facto sovereign since 1993 and manages its own affairs. Russia acknowledges Abkhazia as independent, and Abkhazia’s economy is closely integrated with Russia’s. It uses the Russian Ruble as currency and is part of a customs and trade union with Russia.

  • Short name: Abkhazia
  • Full name: Republic of Abkhazia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (40/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia; unrecognized by 187 of 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked country bordered by Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, Tajikistan and China to the northeast, Pakistan to the southeast, and Iran to the west. It has been the subject of multiple wars over the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, including a civil war in 2021 that ended with a victory by the Taliban—an Islamist terrorist group. Afghanistan is a member of the United Nations (U.N.) and has diplomatic relations with the United States (U.S.), but neither the U.N. or the U.S. has formally recognized the current government.

  • Short name: Afghanistan
  • Full name: Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (36/100)
  • Development score: Low (51/100)
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Albania

Albania is a southeastern European county located on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea. It is bordered by Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, Greece to the south, and Montenegro to the northwest. It was an isolated socialist state until the early 1990s, but is now a free parliamentary republic, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and a candidate for membership in the European Union (E.U.). It is one of the poorest countries in Europe, but its economy has been growing and modernizing in recent years.

  • Short name: Albania
  • Full name: Republic of Albania
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (68/100)
  • Development score: High (77/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Algeria

Algeria is a north African country located on the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia; to the east by Libya; to the southeast by Niger; to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara; and to the west by Morocco. By area, it is the largest county in Africa and the largest majority-Arab country in the world. Although it is a semi-presidential republic on paper, it is in-fact led by a group of unelected civilian and military officials known as “the power” and is categorized as a one-party totalitarian state.

  • Short name: Algeria
  • Full name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Freedom score: Repressive (43/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • South Center
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Andorra

Andorra is a landlocked European state located in the Pyrenees mountains. It is bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south. Its monarchy, which is now parliamentary in nature, is uniquely headed by two co-princes: the Bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) and the President of France. It is a popular tourist destination and international commerce center. Though not a member of the European Union (E.U.), it uses the Euro as its currency and has standing customs and cooperation agreements with the union.

  • Short name: Andorra
  • Full name: Principality of Andorra
  • Freedom score: Free (93/100)
  • Development score: High (87/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Angola

Angola is a country located on the Atlantic coast of Africa. It is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and Namibia to the south. On paper it is a presidential republic, but it is in-fact a one-party totalitarian state where the people have little political freedom. Following its independence from Portugal in 1975, Angola suffered through a twenty-seven year civil war. It has improved economically since the end of the civil war in 2002, buoyed by oil exports. It is also a significant exporter of diamonds.

  • Short name: Angola
  • Full name: Republic of Angola
  • Freedom score: Repressive (41/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Cabinda (de facto part of Angola; active separatist movement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is an island country in the Leeward Islands where the Caribbean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of the two large namesake islands—Antigua and Barbuda—and numerous smaller islands. It is a former British colony that gained independence in 1981. As a parliamentary monarchy, it retains British Queen Elizabeth II as titular head-of-state. Antigua and Barbuda’s economy is primarily based on tourism, and it is a popular Caribbean destination. Banking and financial services are another major economic center on the islands.

  • Name: Antigua and Barbuda
  • Freedom score: Free (85/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Argentina

Argentina is a country located in central and southeastern South America. It is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay to the east, and Chile to the west. It is the fourth largest country in South America and the eighth largest in the world. It is a federal state and a presidential republic, but citizens have faced serious restrictions on economic freedom in recent years and the government has been rocked by corruption scandals. Argentina has a diversified economy that has been destabilized by poor monetary policy.

  • Short name: Argentina
  • Full name: Argentine Republic
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (69/100)
  • Development score: High (82/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous City:
      • Buenos Aires (City)
    • Provinces:
      • Buenos Aires (Province)
      • Catamarca
      • Chaco
      • Chubut
      • Cordoba
      • Corrientes
      • Entre Rios
      • Formosa
      • Jujuy
      • La Pampa
      • La Rioja
      • Mendoza
      • Misiones
      • Neuquen
      • Rio Negro
      • Salta
      • San Juan
      • San Luis
      • Santa Cruz
      • Santa Fe
      • Santiago del Estero
      • Tierra del Fuego
      • Tucuman
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Belgrano II (Argentina)
      • Carlini (Argentina)
      • Esperanza (Argentina)
      • Marambio (Argentina)
      • Orcadas (Argentina)
      • San Martín (Argentina)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Argentina-Chile Border Region (border not clearly demarcated in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field)
    • Argentine Antarctica (claimed by Argentina; partially overlaps claims by Chile and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • British Antarctic Territory (claimed by the United Kingdom; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and Chile; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Chilean Antarctic Territory (claimed by Chile; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Falkland Islands (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Argentina as Islas Malvinas)
    • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Argentina)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • Southern Common Market (Mercosur)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Armenia

Armenia is a landlocked country in western Asia. It is bordered by Georgia to the north, Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east and southeast, Iran to the south, and Turkey to the west. Through its long history it has been part of the Ottoman Empire, the Persian Empire, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union. It gained independence in 1991 during the fall of the Soviet Union. Armenia is now a partly free parliamentary republic and, though geographically located in Asia, it has increasing geopolitical and economic connections with Europe.

  • Short name: Armenia
  • Full name: Republic of Armenia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (64/100)
  • Development score: High (76/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; unrecognized by 1 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Syunik and Gegharkunik Provinces (de facto occupied by Azerbaijan; de jure part of Armenia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Artsakh

Artsakh is an unrecognized state in western Asia. It almost entirely surrounded by Azerbaijan, but has a small land border with Armenia. Azerbaijan claims the entire territory of Artsakh, and most of the world’s nations consider Artsakh to be part of Azerbaijan, but it has been de facto sovereign since 1994 and manages its own affairs. Armenia does not formally recognize Artsakh’s independence, but has close ties with the breakaway state and provides it with significant political and economic support.

  • Short name: Artsakh
  • Full name: Republic of Artsakh
  • Other names: Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (35/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by Azerbaijan; unrecognized by all 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Australia

Australia is a sovereign state in the Pacific Ocean that comprises the entire Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous other islands. It is the largest country by area in Oceania and the sixth largest in the world, and its economy ranks as the twelfth largest in the world. Australia ranks high in both political and economic freedom. It is a former British colony that gained independence in 1901, and is a parliamentary monarchy that retains British Queen Elizabeth II as titular head-of-state.

  • Short name: Australia
  • Full name: Commonwealth of Australia
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • New South Wales
      • Queensland
      • South Australia
      • Tasmania
      • Victoria
      • Western Australia
  • Territories:
    • External Territories:
      • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
      • Christmas Island
      • Cocos (Keeling) Islands
      • Coral Sea Islands
      • Heard Island & McDonald Islands
      • Norfolk Island
    • Internal Territories:
      • Australian Capital Territory
      • Jervis Bay Territory
      • Northern Territory
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Casey (Australia)
      • Davis (Australia)
      • Mawson (Australia)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Australian Antarctic Territory (claimed by Australia; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Yidindji (de facto part of Australia; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Australia–New Zealand–United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)
    • Australia–United Kingdom–United States Pact (AUKUS)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Austria

Austria is a landlocked country in south-central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, Switzerland and Lichtenstein to the west, and Germany to the northwest. It is part of the European Union and uses the Euro as its currency. Historically it was the center of the Habsburg monarchy and a major power in Europe, culminating with key roles in both World War I and World War II. Austria has an industrialized economy and is a major exporter of manufactured goods.

  • Short name: Austria
  • Full name: Republic of Austria
  • Freedom score: Free (83/100)
  • Development score: High (91/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Burgenland
      • Carinthia
      • Lower Austria
      • Salzburg
      • Styria
      • Tyrol
      • Upper Austria
      • Vienna
      • Vorarlberg
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a state at the boundary between Europe and Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north; Iran to the south; Armenia, Artsakh, and Turkey to the west; and Georgia to the northwest. It was part of the Soviet Union and gained independence in 1991. It has seen significant economic growth since independence, bolstered mainly by oil exports. There are serious restrictions on personal and economic freedom in Azerbaijan, as well as significant political corruption. On paper it is a semi-presidential republic, but is in fact a totalitarian dictatorship.

  • Short name: Azerbaijan
  • Full name: Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (42/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Artsakh (de facto sovereign; claimed by Azerbaijan)
    • Syunik and Gegharkunik Provinces (de facto occupied by Azerbaijan; de jure part of Armenia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bahamas

The Bahamas is an island country located in the Lucayan Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises more than 700 islands and cays, including Grand Bahama and New Providence. It is a former British colony that gained independence in 1973. As a parliamentary monarchy, it retains British Queen Elizabeth II as titular head-of-state. The Bahamas’ economy is primarily based on tourism and it is a popular Caribbean destination, especially for cruises. Banking and financial services are another major economic center on the islands.

  • Short name: Bahamas
  • Full name: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
  • Freedom score: Free (78/100)
  • Development score: High (81/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bahrain

Bahrain is an island nation in the Persian Gulf. It comprises one large island—Bahrain Island—and forty-nine other natural islands, along with thirty-three artificial islands. It is located between Qatar and Saudi Arabia. It is a limited monarchy led by King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, who wields significant political control. It has one of the fastest growing economies in the Arab world, driven by oil revenues and its status as a major banking center in the region, but citizens of Bahrain have little personal and economic freedom.

  • Short name: Bahrain
  • Full name: Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Freedom score: Repressive (42/100)
  • Development score: High (76/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a country on the Bay of Bengal in South Asia. It is bordered by India to the north, east, and west; and Myanmar to the southeast. It gained independence from Pakistan in 1971 and initially adopted socialist policies. Though its economy is now one of the fastest growing in the world, individual economic freedom is very limited. It was a functioning parliamentary republic for much of its modern history, and it remains so on paper, but it is now a one-party totalitarian state and political freedoms are significantly restricted.

  • Short name: Bangladesh
  • Full name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh
  • Freedom score: Repressive (53/100)
  • Development score: Medium (60/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Barbados

Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles island chain in the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on the easternmost Caribbean island. It is a former British colony that gained independence in 1966 and was a parliamentary monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as titular head of state until it transitioned to a parliamentary republic in 2021. Barbados’s economy has been traditionally centered on the sugarcane industry, but is increasingly dependent on tourism and financial services. It has close political and economic ties to Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Name: Barbados
  • Freedom score: Free (77/100)
  • Development score: High (81/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Belarus

Belarus is a landlocked country in eastern Europe. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Russia to the east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania to the northwest. It was a part of the Soviet Union and gained its independence in 1991. It is a presidential republic on paper, but has in fact been a totalitarian dictatorship under President Alexander Lukashenko since 1994. Its economy is closely tied with Russia. Belarusian citizens live under significant restrictions on personal and economic freedom.

  • Short name: Belarus
  • Full name: Republic of Belarus
  • Other names: Byelorussia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (41/100)
  • Development score: High (79/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
    • Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Belgium

Belgium is a country in western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, and France to the south and west. It is a parliamentary monarchy; Belgian King Philippe serves as the titular head of state. Belgium has a unique federal structure; its three regions are similar to states or provinces in other systems, but overlap with three cultural and linguistic communities. Belgium is part of the European Union and has close relations with other European states, especially with Luxembourg.

  • Short name: Belgium
  • Full name: Kingdom of Belgium
  • Freedom score: Free (81/100)
  • Development score: High (91/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Communities:
      • Flemish Community
      • French Community
      • German-Speaking Community
    • Regions:
      • Brussels-Capital Region
      • Flemish Region
      • Walloon Region
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Belize

Belize is a country on the Caribbean Sea in Central America. It borders Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the south and west. It is a former British colony that gained independence in 1981. As a parliamentary monarchy, it retains British Queen Elizabeth II as titular head-of-state. Belize has a small economy driven mainly by agriculture, though tourism and construction are areas of growth. It faces serious problems with political corruption and Belizean citizens are subject to significant economic restrictions.

  • Name: Belize
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (71/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; partially claimed by Guatemala
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Benin

Benin is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa. It is bordered by Niger to the northeast, Nigeria to the east, Togo to the west, and Burkina Faso to the northwest. It gained independence from France in 1960 and was led by military and socialist totalitarian regimes until its reestablishment as a presidential republic in 1991. President Patrice Talon, who was freely elected in 2016, has since consolidated power and is now a totalitarian dictator. Benin citizens are subject to increasing restrictions on economic and personal freedom.

  • Short name: Benin
  • Full name: Republic of Benin
  • Other names: Dahomey
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Koualou (neutral by agreement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bhutan

Bhutan is a landlocked country located in the Himalayan Mountains of Asia. It is bordered by China to the north and northwest and India to the east, south, and southwest. It is a limited monarchy led by Bhutanese Dragon King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, who wields significant political control. It has cultural similarities with the Tibet region of China. Bhutan has close economic ties with India; its currency—the ngultrum—is fixed to the Indian rupee and the rupee is also accepted as legal tender. Its citizens face significant restrictions on economic and personal freedom.

  • Short name: Bhutan
  • Full name: Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: Medium (67/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Bhutan-China Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Bolivia

Bolivia is landlocked country located in west-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the northwest. It is a former Spanish colony that gained independence in 1825. From then until 1982, it was primarily governed by totalitarian dictators. Since 1982 it has been governed by freely elected governments, but political instability, corruption, and socialist policies have seriously undermined economic and personal freedoms.

  • Short name: Bolivia
  • Full name: Plurinational State of Bolivia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (57/100)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Departments:
      • Chuquisaca
      • Cochabamba
      • El Beni
      • La Paz
      • Oruro
      • Pando
      • Potosi
      • Santa Cruz
      • Tarija
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Community (CAN)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in the Balkan region of southeast Europe. It is bordered by Croatia to the north and southwest, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Following its independence from Yugoslavia in 1992 it was engulfed in ethnic fighting between Bosnians, Croats, and Serbs that continued until a peace accord took effect in 1995. It comprises two federal entities—the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Though its government is structured as a semi-presidential republic, political and economic freedoms are significantly limited.

  • Name: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Freedom score: Repressive (59/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Entities:
      • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Republika Srpska
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Rep Kleka, Veliki Skolj, and Mali Skolj (de facto part of Bosnia and Herzegovina; claimed by Croatia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Potential Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It is bordered by Namibia to the north and west, Zambia to the north, Zimbabwe to the northeast, and South Africa to the south. It is sparsely populated; about seventy percent of its territory is the Kalahari Desert. Its economy is dominated by diamond and mineral mining, but tourism is a significant area of growth. Botswana was once one of the poorest countries in the world, but is now considered an upper-middle income country with a fast-growing economy. It is one of the most free states in Africa, but has slipped in terms of economic freedom in recent years.

  • Short name: Botswana
  • Full name: Republic of Botswana
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (72/100)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Brazil

Brazil is a country in South America. It has land borders with every other state in South America except Chile. It is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world. Brazil is a federal state comprising twenty-six states and a federal district, and is structured as a presidential republic. It is a former Portuguese colony that gained independence in 1822. Its economy is diversified and includes elements of an agricultural, industrial, and service economies. Political and economic freedoms are generally protected, but the national government has been plagued by widespread corruption.

  • Short name: Brazil
  • Full name: Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (66/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Federal District:
      • Federal District
    • States:
      • Acre
      • Alagoas
      • Amapa
      • Amazonas
      • Bahia
      • Ceara
      • Espirito Santo
      • Goias
      • Maranhao
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul
      • Minas Gerais
      • Para
      • Paraiba
      • Parana
      • Pernambuco
      • Piaui
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • Rondonia
      • Roraima
      • Santa Catarina
      • Sao Paulo
      • Sergipe
      • Tocantins
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Comandante Ferraz (Brazil)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Brazilian Island (de facto part of Brazil; claimed by Uruguay)
    • Rincon de Artigas (de facto part of Brazil; claimed by Uruguay)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • Southern Common Market (Mercosur)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Brunei

Brunei is a country located on the island of Borneo in southeast Asia. It has coastline on the South China Sea, and is otherwise surrounded by Malaysia [Sarawak]. It is an absolute monarchy led by Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, the latest in a line of sultans going back to 1363. From 1883 to 1984 it was a British protectorate. In 1962, following an attempted revolt, martial law was declared and it is still technically in effect today. The economy is dominated by oil and natural gas exports and by overseas investments. Political and economic freedoms are significantly restricted.

  • Short name: Brunei
  • Full name: Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace
  • Other names: Brunei Darussalam
  • Freedom score: Repressive (52/100)
  • Development score: High (84/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country in the Balkans in southeast Europe. It is on the Black Sea, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Greece and Turkey to the south, and Serbia and North Macedonia to the west. From 1946 to 1989 it was a one-party totalitarian state under the Soviet Union’s sphere of influence. Since 1990 it has been a parliamentary republic, though it remained socialist in nature for many years which severely stunted its economic recovery. Conditions improved in the early 2000s, with Bulgaria ultimately joining the European Union (E.U.) and its common market, though political corruption and instability is still a concern.

  • Short name: Bulgaria
  • Full name: Republic of Bulgaria
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (74/100)
  • Development score: High (80/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is landlocked country in western Africa. It is bordered by Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Ghana and Togo to the south, the Ivory Coast to the southwest, and Mali to the northwest. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1960. Beginning in 1987, it was a dictatorship under Blaise Compaoré, who was deposed following massive protests in 2014. Burkina Faso then briefly operated as a semi-presidential republic, but it fell in a 2022 military coup. Its economy is primarily agricultural, though it is a significant exporter of gems and precious metals.

  • Name: Burkina Faso
  • Other names: Upper Volta
  • Freedom score: Repressive (53/100)
  • Development score: Low (48/100)
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Koualou (neutral by agreement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Burundi

Burundi is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and southeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is a former Belgian colony that gained independence in 1962. For about four years it was a limited monarchy, but a coup in 1966 resulted in a military dictatorship. The country was constantly destabilized by internecine wars and genocides that continued for decades. Since 2005 it has been comparatively peaceful, and has been a presidential republic on paper, but it remains in fact a one-party totalitarian state.

  • Short name: Burundi
  • Full name: Republic of Burundi
  • Freedom score: Repressive (35/100)
  • Development score: Low (43/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Sabanerwa (de facto part of Rwanda; claimed by Burundi)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde is an island country located on an archipelago in the central Atlantic Ocean about 320 miles (600 kilometers) west of Africa. It is a former Portuguese colony that gained independence in 1975 and was a one-party totalitarian state until its transition to a free semi-presidential republic in 1990. It is now one of the freest countries in the African region. Cabo Verde maintains close cultural and economic ties with Portugal, and it has large diaspora populations in both Portugal and the United States. Its economy is primarily service oriented and focuses on light manufacturing and tourism.

  • Short name: Cabo Verde
  • Full name: Republic of Cabo Verde
  • Other names: Cape Verde
  • Freedom score: Free (77/100)
  • Development score: Medium (68/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cambodia

Cambodia is a country on the Gulf of Thailand in southeast Asia. It is bordered by Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east, and Thailand to the northwest. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1953. It was first a constitutional monarchy, then a totalitarian military regime, then a socialist dictatorship called Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot (who killed millions of Cambodians) before finally being occupied by Vietnam for fifteen years. Since 1993 Cambodia operates on paper as a parliamentary monarchy, but it has been a one-party totalitarian state since 2018. Its economy revolves primarily around agriculture and textiles.

  • Short name: Cambodia
  • Full name: Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Other names: Kampuchea; Khmer
  • Freedom score: Repressive (45/100)
  • Development score: Low (57/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Area Northwest of the Preah Vihear Temple (de facto occupied by Thailand; de jure part of Cambodia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cameroon

Cameroon is a country on the Gulf of Guinea in central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Congo to the south. It is a former German colony that was partitioned into a French and British colony after World War I. The French part became independent in 1960, and the British part merged with it a year later. Although it is a presidential republic on paper, it is in fact a one-party dictatorship. Its institutions are rife with corruption and personal and economic freedoms are not widely respected.

  • Short name: Cameroon
  • Full name: Republic of Cameroon
  • Freedom score: Repressive (38/100)
  • Development score: Low (54/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ambazonia (de facto and de jure part of Cameroon; claims independence)
    • Mouth of the Ntem River (claimed by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Canada

Canada is a country in North America. It spans to the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic oceans, and has a land border only with the United States to the south and east—the longest binational land border in the world. It is a former British colony that gained independence incrementally between 1867 and 1982, but continues to operate as a parliamentary monarchy and retains British Queen Elizabeth II as titular head of state. It is a free state and its citizens enjoy significant political and economic freedom. It has an industrial and service economy that is closely integrated with that of the United States.

  • Name: Canada
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Provinces:
      • Alberta
      • British Columbia
      • Manitoba
      • New Brunswick
      • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Nova Scotia
      • Ontario
      • Prince Edward Island
      • Quebec
      • Saskatchewan
  • Territories:
    • Territories:
      • Northwest Territories
      • Nunavut
      • Yukon
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Canada-United States Maritime Border Region (some maritime borders not clearly demarcated)
    • Hans Island (claimed by Canada [Nunavut] and Denmark [Greenland])
    • Machias Seal Island (de facto part of Canada [New Brunswick]; claimed by the United States [Maine])
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR) is landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, Congo to the southwest, and Cameroon to the west. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1960. CAR is a semi-presidential republic; though it is structured as a free state, the rule of law is weak and political violence is rampant. It has been racked by civil wars and coups for decades. Today, CAR remains a poor and mostly agrarian country with weak institutions.

  • Name: Central African Republic
  • Other names: CAR
  • Freedom score: Repressive (31/100)
  • Development score: Low (37/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Chad

Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. It is a former French territory that gained independence in 1960. It was racked by decades of instability, oppression, civil wars, and an invasion from Libya. In 2021 the military suspended the constitution and took control of the country; it promises free elections in late 2022. It remains a poor country; it has potentially untapped mineral and oil reserves but they cannot be exploited due to ongoing political instability.

  • Short name: Chad
  • Full name: Republic of Chad
  • Other names: Tchad
  • Freedom score: Repressive (35/100)
  • Development score: Low (37/100)
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Chile

Chile is a country on the Pacific Ocean in western South America. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, and Argentina to the east. It is the southernmost country in the world and the closest country to Antarctica. It is a former Spanish colony that gained independence in 1818. It had elected governments until it fell to a socialist movement, which was overthrown when Augusto Pinochet was installed in a military coup in 1974. Pinochet ruled as dictator until the country transitioned to a presidential republic in 1990. Today it is one of the freest states in South America; it has a strong economy and is a major exporter of copper.

  • Short name: Chile
  • Full name: Republic of Chile
  • Freedom score: Free (83/100)
  • Development score: High (84/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Arturo Prat (Chile)
      • Eduardo Frei and Villa Las Estrellas (Chile)
      • Escudero (Chile)
      • General Bernardo O’Higgins (Chile)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Argentina-Chile Border Region (border not clearly demarcated in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field)
    • British Antarctic Territory (claimed by the United Kingdom; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and Chile; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Chilean Antarctic Territory (claimed by Chile; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Terrestrial Triangle (de facto part of Chile; claimed by Peru)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Pacific Alliance
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of China

China is a country in east Asia. It is the fourth largest country, the most populous country, and second largest economy in the world. China is bordered by fourteen different countries. China’s civilization is millennia old, dating to at least the thirteenth century B.C. For most of its history it was a monarchy, which, buffeted by colonial influences and wars, finally collapsed in 1911. It then became a republic, which was soon threatened by a communist insurgency and civil war that continued through the Japanese invasion in World War II. The communists emerged victorious in 1949, and China has been a one-party totalitarian state ever since. Economic reforms beginning in the 1970s resulted in a diversified economy that is a major contributor to international trade.

  • Short name: China
  • Full name: People’s Republic of China
  • Other names: Communist China; Mainland Area of China
  • Freedom score: Repressive (38/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Regions:
      • Guangxi Zhuang
      • Inner Mongolia
      • Ningxia Hui
      • Tibet
      • Xinjiang Uyghur
    • Municipalities:
      • Beijing
      • Chongqing
      • Shanghai
      • Tianjin
    • Provinces:
      • Anhui
      • Fujian
      • Gansu
      • Guangdong
      • Guizhou
      • Hainan
      • Hebei
      • Heilongjiang
      • Henan
      • Hubei
      • Hunan
      • Jiangsu
      • Jiangxi
      • Jilin
      • Liaoning
      • Qinghai
      • Shaanxi
      • Shandong
      • Shanxi
      • Sichuan
      • Yunnan
      • Zhejiang
    • Special Administrative Regions:
      • Hong Kong
      • Macau
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Great Wall (China)
      • Zhongshan (China)
    • Space Station:
      • Tiangong
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Taiwan; unrecognized by 15 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Arunachal Pradesh (de facto part of India; partially claimed by China)
    • Bhutan-China Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • China-India Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • James Shoal (de facto part of Malaysia; claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Jammu and Kashmir (partially occupied by China, India, and Pakistan)
    • Macclesfield Bank (claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Paracel Islands (de facto part of China; claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam)
    • Pratas Islands (de facto part of Taiwan; claimed by China)
    • Scarborough Shoal (de facto part of China; de jure part of the Philippines; claimed by Taiwan)
    • Senkaku Islands (de facto part of Japan; claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Spratly Islands (claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines)
    • Taiwan (de facto sovereign; claimed by China)
    • Tawang (de facto part of India; claimed by China)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Colombia

Colombia is a country in northwestern South America and on several Caribbean islands. Its continental territory, which lies on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is bordered by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south, and Panama to the northwest. It is a former Spanish colony that gained independence in 1819 comprising the modern states of Colombia and Panama; Panama seceded in 1903. It is a presidential republic. Since a 2016 peace accord with a guerrilla group called FARC, institutions have stabilized and violence has significantly diminished. Its economy is stabilizing and growing.

  • Short name: Colombia
  • Full name: Republic of Colombia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (68/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Bajo Nuevo Bank (de facto part of Colombia; claimed by the United States)
    • Colombia-Venezuela Maritime Border Region (maritime border not clearly demarcated)
    • Serranilla Bank (de facto part of Colombia; claimed by the United States)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Community (CAN)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Pacific Alliance
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Comoros

Comoros is an island country located on an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. It has maritime borders with Madagascar, Mayotte (France), Mozambique, Seychelles, and Tanzania. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1975; one island in the archipelago, Mayotte, voted to remain in France. It has endured political instability and numerous coups and secession attempts. A majority of the islands’ economy revolves around agriculture and the export of spices. It is structured as a presidential republic, but it may be in the process of transitioning to a one-party totalitarian state under President Azali Assoumani.

  • Short name: Comoros
  • Full name: Union of the Comoros
  • Other names: Komori; Comoro Islands
  • Freedom score: Repressive (43/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Islands:
      • Anjouan
      • Grande Comore
      • Moheli
  • Territorial disputes:
    • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (de facto territory of France; partially claimed by Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius)
    • Mayotte (de facto part of France; claimed by Comoros)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Congo

The Congo is a country on the Atlantic coast of Central Africa. It is bordered by the Central African Republic to the northeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southeast, Angola (Cabinda) to the south, Gabon to the west, and Cameroon to the northwest. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1960. On paper, the Congo is a semi-presidential republic, but it is in fact a totalitarian dictatorship under Congolese President Denis Sassou Nguesso. It is an exporter of diamonds and natural gas, but its economy is severely hampered by a government that severely restricts political and economic freedoms.

  • Short name: Congo
  • Full name: Republic of the Congo
  • Other names: Congo-Brazzaville; Congo Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (39/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Congo-D.R. Congo Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is a country in Central America with coasts on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the southeast, and has a maritime border with Ecuador. It is a former Spanish colony that gained independence in 1821. Today it is a stable presidential republic with relatively strong political and economic freedoms. Costa Rica has a stable, diversified economy that combines agriculture, technology, and tourism. It has one of the highest average standards of living in Central America.

  • Short name: Costa Rica
  • Full name: Republic of Costa Rica
  • Freedom score: Free (79/100)
  • Development score: High (81/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cote d'Ivoire

Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is a country on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa. It is bordered by Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the east, Liberia to the south west, and Guinea and Mali to the northwest. It is a former French colony that gained independence in 1960. Today it is an unstable presidential republic, but Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara may be in the process of establishing a totalitarian state. It’s economy is dominated by agriculture, and it is one of the world’s largest exporters of coffee and cocoa.

  • Short name: Cote d’Ivoire
  • Full name: Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
  • Other names: Ivory Coast
  • Freedom score: Repressive (53/100)
  • Development score: Low (54/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Croatia

Croatia is a country on the Adriatic Sea in southeast Europe. It is bordered by Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast, and Slovenia to the northwest. It also shares a maritime border with Italy. It was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire before World War I, then part of Yugoslavia until independence in 1991. Today it is a partly free republic; political rights are well protected but economic rights are more of a mixed bag. Croatia’s economy is primarily service-based, but retains major industry and its exports include ships, food, and pharmaceuticals.

  • Short name: Croatia
  • Full name: Republic of Croatia
  • Other names: Hrvatska
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (73/100)
  • Development score: High (84/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Croatia-Serbia River Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • Gornja Siga (de facto part of Croatia; de jure unclaimed; claims independence as Liberland)
    • Prevlaka (neutral by agreement)
    • Rep Kleka, Veliki Skolj, and Mali Skolj (de facto part of Bosnia and Herzegovina; claimed by Croatia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cuba

Cuba is an island country where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean meet. It comprises the island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and numerous smaller islands. It is a former Spanish colony that gained independence in 1898. It initially fell under United States military rule, and then under a number of corrupt military and political regimes. In 1959, a socialist revolutionary victory resulted in a one-party totalitarian state that has endured ever since. Cuba’s economy is highly dependent on remittances from Cubans living and working abroad.

  • Short name: Cuba
  • Full name: Republic of Cuba
  • Freedom score: Repressive (23/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Guantanamo Bay (de jure territory of Cuba leased to the United States; validity of lease disputed by Cuba)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Cyprus

Cyprus is a country located on the southern part of the island of Cyprus, which is south of Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Most world governments recognize Cyprus as de jure sovereign of the entire island, but the northern portion is its own de facto sovereign state—Northern Cyprus—that is formally recognized only by Turkey. The island was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1571 to 1878, and then fell under British rule until independence in 1960. A coup and civil war in 1974 led to Turkish occupation of the northern part of the island and its later establishment as a separate state. Cyprus is a presidential republic, and is part of the European Union and the Eurozone monetary union.

  • Short name: Cyprus
  • Full name: Republic of Cyprus
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (87/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; unrecognized by 1 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Akrotiri and Dhekelia (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Cyprus)
    • Northern Cyprus (de facto sovereign; de jure part of Cyprus)
    • U.N. Buffer Zone in Cyprus (administered by the United Nations; claimed by Cyprus and Northern Cyprus)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Czechia

Czechia is a landlocked country in central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the southeast, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west. After the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the territory of modern Czechia was merged with neighboring Slovakia into Czechoslovakia. After World War II it fell into the Soviet sphere of influence. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic—now Czechia—and Slovakia. It is a member of the European Union and has a modern economy that revolves mainly around services and manufacturing.

  • Short name: Czechia
  • Full name: Czech Republic
  • Other names: Bohemia
  • Freedom score: Free (81/100)
  • Development score: High (88/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Eco-Nelson (Czechia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Name: Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Other names: Congo-Kinshasa; DRC; D.R. Congo; Zaire
  • Freedom score: Repressive (33/100)
  • Development score: Low (45/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Congo-D.R. Congo Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Denmark
  • Short name: Denmark
  • Full name: Kingdom of Denmark
  • Other names: Danish Realm
  • Freedom score: Free (88/100)
  • Development score: High (93/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Autonomous Territories:
      • Faroe Islands
      • Greenland
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Hans Island (claimed by Canada [Nunavut] and Denmark [Greenland])
    • Rockall Islet (claimed by Denmark [Faroe Islands], Iceland, and the United Kingdom)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Djibouti
  • Short name: Djibouti
  • Full name: Republic of Djibouti
  • Freedom score: Repressive (36/100)
  • Development score: Low (51/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Dominica
  • Short name: Dominica
  • Full name: Commonwealth of Dominica
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (73/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Dominican Republic
  • Name: Dominican Republic
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (66/100)
  • Development score: Medium (73/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Donetsk
  • Short name: Donetsk
  • Full name: Donetsk People’s Republic
  • Other names: Donbas [South]
  • Freedom score: Repressive (4/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine; unrecognized by 192 of 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Ecuador
  • Short name: Ecuador
  • Full name: Republic of Ecuador
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Community (CAN)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Egypt
  • Short name: Egypt
  • Full name: Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Freedom score: Repressive (37/100)
  • Development score: Medium (65/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Halaib Triangle (de facto part of Egypt; claimed by Sudan)
    • Wadi Halfa Salient (de facto part of Egypt; claimed by Sudan)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of El Salvador
  • Short name: El Salvador
  • Full name: Republic of El Salvador
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: Medium (66/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Conejo Island (de facto territory of Honduras; claimed by El Salvador)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Equatorial Guinea
  • Short name: Equatorial Guinea
  • Full name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • Freedom score: Repressive (24/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Corsico Bay (de facto territory of Equatorial Guinea; claimed by Gabon)
    • Mbane and Lesser Islands (de facto part of Gabon; claimed by Equatorial Guinea)
    • Mouth of the Ntem River (claimed by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Eritrea
  • Short name: Eritrea
  • Full name: Republic of Eritrea
  • Freedom score: Repressive (22/100)
  • Development score: Low (41/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Doumera Island (neutral by treaty; de facto occupied by Eritrea)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Estonia
  • Short name: Estonia
  • Full name: Republic of Estonia
  • Freedom score: Free (84/100)
  • Development score: High (88/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Eswatini
  • Short name: Eswatini
  • Full name: Kingdom of Eswatini
  • Other names: Swaziland
  • Freedom score: Repressive (41/100)
  • Development score: Low (57/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal (de facto part of South Africa; claimed by Eswatini)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Ethiopia
  • Short name: Ethiopia
  • Full name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (40/100)
  • Development score: Low (49/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Chartered Cities:
      • Addis Ababa
      • Dire Dawa
    • Regional States:
      • Afar
      • Amara
      • Benshangul-Gumaz
      • Gambela Peoples
      • Harari People
      • Oromia
      • Somali
      • Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples
      • Tigrai
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Fiji
  • Short name: Fiji
  • Full name: Republic of Fiji
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (62/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Minerva Reefs (de facto part of Tonga; claimed by Fiji; site of two micronation attempts)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Finland
  • Short name: Finland
  • Full name: Republic of Finland
  • Freedom score: Free (88/100)
  • Development score: High (93/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Autonomous Regions:
      • Aland
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of France
  • Short name: France
  • Full name: French Republic
  • Freedom score: Free (79/100)
  • Development score: High (89/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Metropolitan Collectivity:
      • Corsica
    • Metropolitan Regions:
      • Auvergne-Rhone-Alps
      • Brittany
      • Burgundy-Free County
      • Centre-Loire Valley
      • Grand East
      • Island of France
      • Loire Countries
      • New Aquitaine
      • Normandy
      • Occitania
      • Provence-Alps-Azure Coast
      • Upper France
    • Overseas Collectivities:
      • French Polynesia
      • Saint Barthelemy
      • Saint Martin
      • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
      • Wallis and Futuna
    • Overseas Regions:
      • French Guiana
      • Guadeloupe
      • Martinique
      • Mayotte (de facto part of France; claimed by Comoros)
      • Reunion
    • Sui Generis Collectivity:
      • New Caledonia
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Concordia (France and Italy)
      • Dumont d’Urville (France)
    • Territories:
      • Clipperton Island
      • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (de facto territory of France; partially claimed by Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Adelie Land (claimed by France [French Southern and Antarctic Lands]; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Area West of the Marouini River (de facto part of France [French Guiana]; claimed by Suriname)
    • France-Italy Border Region (border not clearly demarcated near the Mont Blanc Summit)
    • Matthew and Hunter Islands (de facto part of France [New Caledonia]; claimed by Vanuatu)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Gabon
  • Short name: Gabon
  • Full name: Gabonese Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (44/100)
  • Development score: Medium (67/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Corsico Bay (de facto territory of Equatorial Guinea; claimed by Gabon)
    • Mbane and Lesser Islands (de facto part of Gabon; claimed by Equatorial Guinea)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Gambia
  • Short name: Gambia
  • Full name: Republic of the Gambia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (53/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Gaza
  • Short name: Gaza
  • Full name: Hamas Government in Gaza
  • Other names: Gaza Strip
  • Freedom score: Repressive (11/100)
  • Development score: Medium (67/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by Palestine; unrecognized by all 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • East Jerusalem (de facto part of Israel; claimed by Palestine and Gaza [Hamas])
    • Israel (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Gaza [Hamas])
    • West Bank (de facto and de jure part of Palestine; partially occupied by Israel; claimed by Gaza [Hamas])
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Georgia
  • Name: Georgia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (67/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Abkhazia (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia)
    • South Ossetia (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Applicant
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Germany
  • Short name: Germany
  • Full name: Federal Republic of Germany
  • Other names: Deutschland
  • Freedom score: Free (85/100)
  • Development score: High (93/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Lands:
      • Baden-Württemberg
      • Bavaria
      • Berlin
      • Brandenburg
      • Bremen
      • Hamburg
      • Hesse
      • Lower Saxony
      • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
      • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Saarland
      • Saxony
      • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Schleswig-Holstein
      • Thuringia
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • German Antarctic Receiving Station (Germany)
      • Neumayer III (Germany)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Ghana
  • Short name: Ghana
  • Full name: Republic of Ghana
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (69/100)
  • Development score: Medium (63/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Greece
  • Short name: Greece
  • Full name: Hellenic Republic
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (74/100)
  • Development score: High (87/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Greece-Turkey Maritime Border Region (maritime borders not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Grenada
  • Name: Grenada
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Guatemala
  • Short name: Guatemala
  • Full name: Republic of Guatemala
  • Freedom score: Repressive (59/100)
  • Development score: Medium (63/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Belize (de facto and de jure sovereign; partially claimed by Guatemala)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Guinea
  • Short name: Guinea
  • Full name: Republic of Guinea
  • Freedom score: Repressive (45/100)
  • Development score: Low (45/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Military)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Guinea-Bissau
  • Short name: Guinea-Bissau
  • Full name: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • Freedom score: Repressive (47/100)
  • Development score: Low (47/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Guyana
  • Short name: Guyana
  • Full name: Co-Operative Republic of Guyana
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (65/100)
  • Development score: Medium (67/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ankoko Island (de facto part of Venezuela; claimed by Guyana)
    • Area West of the Essequibo River (de facto and de jure part of Guyana; claimed by Venezuela)
    • Tigri Area (de facto part of Guyana; claimed by Suriname)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Haiti
  • Short name: Haiti
  • Full name: Republic of Haiti
  • Freedom score: Repressive (49/100)
  • Development score: Low (48/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Navassa Island (de facto territory of the United States; claimed by Haiti)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Honduras
  • Short name: Honduras
  • Full name: Republic of Honduras
  • Freedom score: Repressive (57/100)
  • Development score: Medium (62/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Conejo Island (de facto territory of Honduras; claimed by El Salvador)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Hungary
  • Name: Hungary
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (69/100)
  • Development score: High (83/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Iceland
  • Name: Iceland
  • Freedom score: Free (87/100)
  • Development score: High (93/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of India
  • Short name: India
  • Full name: Republic of India
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: Medium (62/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Andhra Pradesh
      • Arunachal Pradesh (de facto part of India; partially claimed by China)
      • Assam
      • Bihar
      • Chhattisgarh
      • Goa
      • Gujarat
      • Haryana
      • Himachal Pradesh
      • Jharkhand
      • Karnataka
      • Kerala
      • Madhya Pradesh
      • Maharashtra
      • Manipur
      • Meghalaya
      • Mizoram
      • Nagaland
      • Odisha
      • Punjab
      • Rajasthan
      • Sikkim
      • Tamil Nadu
      • Telangana
      • Tripura
      • Uttar Pradesh
      • Uttarakhand
      • West Bengal
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Bharati (India)
      • Maitri (India)
    • Union Territories:
      • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
      • Chandigarh
      • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
      • Delhi
      • Ladakh
      • Lakshadweep
      • Puducherry
  • Territorial disputes:
    • China-India Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • India-Nepal Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • Jammu and Kashmir (partially occupied by China, India, and Pakistan)
    • Tawang (de facto part of India; claimed by China)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Indonesia
  • Short name: Indonesia
  • Full name: Republic of Indonesia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (65/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Capital Region:
      • Jakarta
    • Provinces:
      • Aceh
      • Bali
      • Bangka Belitung Islands
      • Banten
      • Bengkulu
      • Central Java
      • Central Kalimantan
      • Central Sulawesi
      • East Java
      • East Kalimantan
      • East Nusa Tenggara
      • Gorontalo
      • Jambi
      • Lampung
      • Maluku
      • North Kalimantan
      • North Maluku
      • North Sulawesi
      • North Sumatra
      • Papua
      • Riau
      • Riau Islands
      • South Kalimantan
      • South Sulawesi
      • South Sumatra
      • Southeast Sulawesi
      • West Java
      • West Kalimantan
      • West Nusa Tenggara
      • West Papua
      • West Sulawesi
      • West Sumatra
    • Special Region:
      • Yogyakarta
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Iran
  • Short name: Iran
  • Full name: Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Other names: Persia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (33/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Iran-Iraq Maritime Border Region (maritime border not clearly demarcated)
    • Kurdistan (de facto part of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey; active separatist movement)
    • Tunbs and Abu Masa Islands (de facto part of Iran; claimed by United Arab Emirates)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Iraq
  • Short name: Iraq
  • Full name: Republic of Iraq
  • Freedom score: Repressive (38/100)
  • Development score: Medium (63/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Governorates:
      • Al Anbar
      • Al-Qadisiyyah
      • Babil
      • Baghdad
      • Basrah
      • Dhi Qar
      • Diyala
      • Dohuk
      • Erbil
      • Halabja
      • Karbala
      • Kirkuk
      • Maysan
      • Muthanna
      • Najaf
      • Nineveh
      • Saladin
      • Sulaymaniyah
      • Wasit
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Iran-Iraq Maritime Border Region (maritime border not clearly demarcated)
    • Kurdistan (de facto part of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey; active separatist movement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Ireland
  • Name: Ireland
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Rockall Islet (claimed by Denmark [Faroe Islands], Iceland, and the United Kingdom)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Israel
  • Short name: Israel
  • Full name: State of Israel
  • Freedom score: Free (76/100)
  • Development score: High (88/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Gaza [Hamas]; unrecognized by 28 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Akhzivland (de facto part of Israel; claims independence)
    • East Jerusalem (de facto part of Israel; claimed by Palestine and Gaza [Hamas])
    • Golan Heights (de facto occupied by Israel; claimed by Syria)
    • Palestine (de facto and de jure sovereign; partially occupied by Gaza [Hamas] and Israel)
    • West Bank (de facto and de jure part of Palestine; partially occupied by Israel; claimed by Gaza [Hamas])
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Italy
  • Short name: Italy
  • Full name: Italian Republic
  • Freedom score: Free (78/100)
  • Development score: High (88/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Regions:
      • Aosta Valley
      • Friuli Venezia Giulia
      • Sardinia
      • Sicily
      • Trentino-South Tyrol
    • Regions:
      • Abruzzo
      • Apulia
      • Basilicata
      • Calabria
      • Campania
      • Emilia-Romagna
      • Lazio
      • Liguria
      • Lombardy
      • Marche
      • Molise
      • Piedmont
      • Tuscany
      • Umbria
      • Veneto
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Concordia (France and Italy)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • France-Italy Border Region (border not clearly demarcated near the Mont Blanc Summit)
    • Seborga (de facto part of Italy; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Jamaica
  • Name: Jamaica
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (74/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Japan
  • Name: Japan
  • Freedom score: Free (84/100)
  • Development score: High (91/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo) (Japan)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Syowa (Japan)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Dokdo Islands (de facto part of South Korea; claimed by Japan as Takeshima)
    • Kuril Islands (de facto territory of Russia; partially claimed by Japan)
    • Senkaku Islands (de facto part of Japan; claimed by China and Taiwan)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Jordan
  • Short name: Jordan
  • Full name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kazakhstan
  • Short name: Kazakhstan
  • Full name: Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Other names: Kazakstan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (49/100)
  • Development score: High (77/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
    • Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kenya
  • Short name: Kenya
  • Full name: Republic of Kenya
  • Freedom score: Repressive (55/100)
  • Development score: Low (59/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ilemi Triangle (de facto part of Kenya; claimed by South Sudan)
    • Migingo Island (de facto and de jure part of Kenya; claimed by Uganda)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kiribati
  • Short name: Kiribati
  • Full name: Republic of Kiribati
  • Other names: Gilbert Islands
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (69/100)
  • Development score: Medium (63/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kosovo
  • Short name: Kosovo
  • Full name: Republic of Kosovo
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by Serbia; unrecognized by 96 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • U.N. Mission in Kosovo (administered by the United Nations; de facto and de jure part of Kosovo; claimed by Serbia)
  • U.N. status: None
  • E.U. status: Potential Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kuwait
  • Short name: Kuwait
  • Full name: State of Kuwait
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Kyrgyzstan
  • Short name: Kyrgyzstan
  • Full name: Kyrgyz Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Kyrgystan-Tajikistan-Uzbekistan Border Region (borders in the Fergana and Isfara Valleys are not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
    • Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Laos
  • Short name: Laos
  • Full name: Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (37/100)
  • Development score: Low (56/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Latvia
  • Short name: Latvia
  • Full name: Republic of Latvia
  • Freedom score: Free (79/100)
  • Development score: High (85/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Lebanon
  • Short name: Lebanon
  • Full name: Lebanese Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Lebanon-Syria Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Lesotho
  • Short name: Lesotho
  • Full name: Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (61/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Liberia
  • Short name: Liberia
  • Full name: Republic of Liberia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (57/100)
  • Development score: Low (50/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Libya
  • Short name: Libya
  • Full name: State of Libya
  • Freedom score: Repressive (26/100)
  • Development score: Medium (65/100)
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Liechtenstein
  • Short name: Liechtenstein
  • Full name: Principality of Liechtenstein
  • Freedom score: Free (90/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Lithuania
  • Short name: Lithuania
  • Full name: Republic of Lithuania
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (87/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Uzupis (de facto part of Lithuania; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Luhansk
  • Short name: Luhansk
  • Full name: Luhansk People’s Republic
  • Other names: Donbas [North]
  • Freedom score: Repressive (4/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine; unrecognized by 192 of 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Luxembourg
  • Short name: Luxembourg
  • Full name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Freedom score: Free (86/100)
  • Development score: High (90/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Madagascar
  • Short name: Madagascar
  • Full name: Republic of Madagascar
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: Low (51/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (de facto territory of France; partially claimed by Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Malawi
  • Short name: Malawi
  • Full name: Republic of Malawi
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (61/100)
  • Development score: Low (52/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • North-Eastern Quadrant of Lake Malawi (de facto part of Tanzania, claimed by Malawi)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Malaysia
  • Name: Malaysia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (67/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Federal Territories:
      • Kuala Lumpur
      • Labuan
      • Putrajaya
    • States:
      • Johor
      • Kedah
      • Kelantan
      • Melaka
      • Negeri Sembilan
      • Pahang
      • Perak
      • Perlis
      • Pulau Pinang
      • Sabah
      • Sarawak
      • Selangor
      • Terengganu
  • Territorial disputes:
    • James Shoal (de facto part of Malaysia; claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Spratly Islands (claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Maldives
  • Short name: Maldives
  • Full name: Republic of Maldives
  • Freedom score: Repressive (48/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mali
  • Short name: Mali
  • Full name: Republic of Mali
  • Freedom score: Repressive (47/100)
  • Development score: Low (46/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Military)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • South Center
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Malta
  • Short name: Malta
  • Full name: Republic of Malta
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (87/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Marshall Islands
  • Short name: Marshall Islands
  • Full name: Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • Freedom score: Free (93/100)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Wake Island (de facto territory of the United States; claimed by Marshall Islands as Anen Kio)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mauritania
  • Short name: Mauritania
  • Full name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Freedom score: Repressive (46/100)
  • Development score: Low (51/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mauritius
  • Short name: Mauritius
  • Full name: Republic of Mauritius
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (79/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • British Indian Ocean Territory (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Mauritius as the Chagos Archipelago)
    • French Southern and Antarctic Lands (de facto territory of France; partially claimed by Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mexico
  • Short name: Mexico
  • Full name: United Mexican States
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (64/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Capital City:
      • Mexico City
    • States:
      • Aguascalientes
      • Baja California
      • Baja California Sur
      • Campeche
      • Chiapas
      • Chihuahua
      • Coahuila de Zaragoza
      • Colima
      • Durango
      • Guanajuato
      • Guerrero
      • Hidalgo
      • Jalisco
      • Mexico
      • Michoacan de Ocampo
      • Morelos
      • Nayarit
      • Nuevo Leon
      • Oaxaca
      • Puebla
      • Queretaro
      • Quintana Roo
      • San Luis Potosi
      • Sinaloa
      • Sonora
      • Tabasco
      • Tamaulipas
      • Tlaxcala
      • Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
      • Yucatan
      • Zacatecas
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Pacific Alliance
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Micronesia
  • Short name: Micronesia
  • Full name: Federated States of Micronesia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (71/100)
  • Development score: Medium (62/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Chuuk
      • Kosrae
      • Pohnpei
      • Yap
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Moldova
  • Short name: Moldova
  • Full name: Republic of Moldova
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Transnistria (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Moldova)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Monaco
  • Short name: Monaco
  • Full name: Principality of Monaco
  • Freedom score: Free (83/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mongolia
  • Name: Mongolia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (72/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Montenegro
  • Name: Montenegro
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (65/100)
  • Development score: High (79/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Prevlaka (neutral by agreement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Morocco
  • Short name: Morocco
  • Full name: Kingdom of Morocco
  • Other names: Maroc
  • Freedom score: Repressive (53/100)
  • Development score: Medium (67/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ceuta (de facto part of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
    • Melilla (de facto part of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
    • Minor Places of Sovereignty (de facto territory of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
    • Western Sahara (de facto sovereign; claimed by Morocco)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Mozambique
  • Short name: Mozambique
  • Full name: Republic of Mozambique
  • Freedom score: Repressive (49/100)
  • Development score: Low (47/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Myanmar
  • Short name: Myanmar
  • Full name: Republic of the Union of Myanmar
  • Other names: Burma
  • Freedom score: Repressive (38/100)
  • Development score: Low (58/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Military)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Namibia
  • Short name: Namibia
  • Full name: Republic of Namibia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (68/100)
  • Development score: Medium (64/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Nauru
  • Short name: Nauru
  • Full name: Republic of Nauru
  • Freedom score: Free (77/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Nepal
  • Short name: Nepal
  • Full name: Federated Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • Freedom score: Repressive (57/100)
  • Development score: Medium (60/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Provinces:
      • Bagmati
      • Gandaki
      • Karnali
      • Lumbini
      • Province No. 1
      • Province No. 2
      • Sudurpashchim
  • Territorial disputes:
    • India-Nepal Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Netherlands
  • Short name: Netherlands
  • Full name: Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Freedom score: Free (87/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Countries:
      • Aruba
      • Curacao
      • Holland
      • Sint Maarten
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Special Municipalities:
      • Bonaire
      • Saba
      • Sint Eustatius
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Hakkelaarsbrug (de facto part of the Netherlands; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of New Zealand
  • Name: New Zealand
  • Freedom score: Free (91/100)
  • Development score: High (92/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Arrival Heights Laboratory (New Zealand)
      • Arrival Heights Satellite Station (New Zealand)
      • Scott Base (New Zealand)
    • States in Free Association:
      • Cook Islands
      • Niue
    • Territories:
      • Tokalau
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ross Dependency (claimed by New Zealand; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Swains Island (de facto territory of the United States [American Samoa]; claimed by Tokelau [territory of New Zealand] as Olosega)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Australia–New Zealand–United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Nicaragua
  • Short name: Nicaragua
  • Full name: Republic of Nicaragua
  • Freedom score: Repressive (47/100)
  • Development score: Medium (64/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Niger
  • Short name: Niger
  • Full name: Republic of Niger
  • Freedom score: Repressive (49/100)
  • Development score: Low (41/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Nigeria
  • Short name: Nigeria
  • Full name: Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Abia
      • Adamawa
      • Akwa Ibom
      • Anambra
      • Bauchi
      • Bayelsa
      • Benue
      • Borno
      • Cross River
      • Delta
      • Ebonyi
      • Edo
      • Ekiti
      • Enugu
      • Gombe
      • Imo
      • Jigawa
      • Kaduna
      • Kano
      • Katsina
      • Kebbi
      • Kogi
      • Kwara
      • Lagos
      • Nasarawa
      • Niger
      • Ogun
      • Ondo
      • Osun
      • Oyo
      • Plateau
      • Rivers
      • Sokoto
      • Taraba
      • Yobe
      • Zamfara
  • Territories:
    • Capital Territory:
      • Federal Capital Territory
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of North Korea
  • Short name: North Korea
  • Full name: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  • Freedom score: Repressive (6/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by South Korea; unrecognized by 1 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • South Korea (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by North Korea)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • South Center
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of North Macedonia
  • Short name: North Macedonia
  • Full name: Republic of North Macedonia
  • Other names: Severna Makedonija
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (67/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus is a country located on the northern part of the island of Cyprus, which is south of Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It shares the island with its southern neighbor, Cyprus, which is recognized by most countries as the de jure sovereign of the entire island. Only Turkey formally recognizes Northern Cyprus. The island was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1571 to 1878, and then fell under British rule until independence in 1960. A coup and civil war in 1974 led to Turkish occupation of the northern part of the island, which later became a de facto independent state. Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential republic and has close ties with Turkey.

  • Short name: Northern Cyprus
  • Full name: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • Freedom score: Free (78/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; de jure part of Cyprus; unrecognized by 192 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • U.N. Buffer Zone in Cyprus (administered by the United Nations; claimed by Cyprus and Northern Cyprus)
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Norway
  • Short name: Norway
  • Full name: Kingdom of Norway
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (94/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Troll (Norway)
    • Territories:
      • Bouvet Island
      • Jan Mayen
      • Svalbard
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Peter I Island (claimed by Norway; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Queen Maud Land (claimed by Norway; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Oman
  • Short name: Oman
  • Full name: Sultanate of Oman
  • Freedom score: Repressive (44/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Pakistan
  • Short name: Pakistan
  • Full name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (47/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Federal Capital Territory:
      • Islamabad
    • Provinces:
      • Balochistan
      • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
      • Punjab
      • Sindh
  • Territories:
    • Administered Areas:
      • Gilgit-Baltistan
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Jammu and Kashmir (partially occupied by China, India, and Pakistan)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Palau
  • Short name: Palau
  • Full name: Republic of Palau
  • Freedom score: Free (92/100)
  • Development score: High (83/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Palestine
  • Short name: Palestine
  • Full name: State of Palestine
  • Freedom score: Repressive (32/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; partially occupied by Gaza [Hamas] and Israel; unrecognized by 55 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • East Jerusalem (de facto part of Israel; claimed by Palestine and Gaza [Hamas])
    • Gaza (de facto sovereign; claimed by Palestine)
    • West Bank (de facto and de jure part of Palestine; partially occupied by Israel; claimed by Gaza [Hamas])
  • U.N. status: Permanent Observer
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Panama
  • Short name: Panama
  • Full name: Republic of Panama
  • Freedom score: Free (75/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Central American Integration System (SICA)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Papua New Guinea
  • Short name: Papua New Guinea
  • Full name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (62/100)
  • Development score: Low (51/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Autonomous Region:
      • Bougainville (to become independent by the end of 2027)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Paraguay
  • Short name: Paraguay
  • Full name: Republic of Paraguay
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (65/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Southern Common Market (Mercosur)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Peru
  • Short name: Peru
  • Full name: Republic of Peru
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (70/100)
  • Development score: High (76/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Terrestrial Triangle (de facto part of Chile; claimed by Peru)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Community (CAN)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (PROSUR)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Pacific Alliance
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Philippines
  • Short name: Philippines
  • Full name: Republic of the Philippines
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (64/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Region:
      • Mindanao
    • Regions:
      • Bicol
      • Cagayan Valley
      • Calabarzon
      • Caraga
      • Central Luzon
      • Central Visayas
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Davao
      • Eastern Visayas
      • Ilocos
      • Mimaropa
      • National Capital Region
      • Northern Mindanao
      • Soccsksargen
      • Western Visayas
      • Zamboanga Peninsula
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Scarborough Shoal (de facto part of China; de jure part of the Philippines; claimed by Taiwan)
    • Spratly Islands (claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Poland
  • Short name: Poland
  • Full name: Republic of Poland
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (74/100)
  • Development score: High (86/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Arctowski (Poland)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Portugal
  • Short name: Portugal
  • Full name: Portuguese Republic
  • Freedom score: Free (81/100)
  • Development score: High (86/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Regions:
      • Azores
      • Madeira
    • Districts:
      • Aveiro
      • Beja
      • Braga
      • Braganca
      • Castelo Branco
      • Coimbra
      • Evora
      • Faro
      • Guarda
      • Leiria
      • Lisbon
      • Portalegre
      • Porto
      • Santarem
      • Setubal
      • Viana do Castelo
      • Vila Real
      • Viseu
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Olivenza (de facto part of Spain [Extremadura]; claimed by Portugal)
    • Pontinha (de facto part of Portugal; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Qatar
  • Short name: Qatar
  • Full name: State of Qatar
  • Freedom score: Repressive (48/100)
  • Development score: High (76/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Romania
  • Name: Romania
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (74/100)
  • Development score: High (81/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Russia
  • Short name: Russia
  • Full name: Russian Federation
  • Freedom score: Repressive (44/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Areas:
      • Chukotka
      • Khanty-Mansi
      • Nenets
      • Yamalo-Nenets
    • Autonomous Region:
      • Jewish Autonomous Region
    • Cities of Federal Significance:
      • Moscow (City)
      • Saint Petersburg
      • Sevastopol (de facto part of Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • Regions:
      • Amur
      • Arkhangelsk
      • Astrakhan
      • Belgorod
      • Bryansk
      • Chelyabinsk
      • Irkutsk
      • Ivanovo
      • Kaliningrad
      • Kaluga
      • Kemerovo
      • Kirov
      • Kostroma
      • Kurgan
      • Kursk
      • Leningrad
      • Lipetsk
      • Magadan
      • Moscow (Region)
      • Murmansk
      • Nizhny Novgorod
      • Novgorod
      • Novosibirsk
      • Omsk
      • Orenburg
      • Oryol
      • Penza
      • Pskov
      • Rostov
      • Ryazan
      • Sakhalin
      • Samara
      • Saratov
      • Smolensk
      • Sverdlovsk
      • Tambov
      • Tomsk
      • Tula
      • Tver
      • Tyumen
      • Ulyanovsk
      • Vladimir
      • Volgograd
      • Vologda
      • Voronezh
      • Yaroslavl
    • Republics:
      • Adygea
      • Altai (Republic)
      • Bashkortostan
      • Buryatia
      • Chechnyia
      • Chuvashia
      • Crimea (de facto part of Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
      • Dagestan
      • Ingushetia
      • Kabardino-Balkaria
      • Kalmykia
      • Karachay-Cherkessia
      • Karelia
      • Khakassia
      • Komi
      • Mari El
      • Mordovia
      • North Ossetia-Alania
      • Sakha
      • Tatarstan
      • Tyva
      • Udmurtia
    • Territories:
      • Altai (Territory)
      • Kamchatka
      • Khabarovsk
      • Krasnodar
      • Krasnoyarsk
      • Perm
      • Primorsky
      • Stavropol
      • Zabaykalsky
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Nauka (Multipurpose Laboratory Module-Upgrade) (Russia)
      • Poisk (Mini-Research Module 2) (Russia)
      • Prichal (Uzlovoy Module) (Russia)
      • Rassvet (Mini-Research Module 1) (Russia)
      • Zarya (Functional Cargo Block) (russia)
      • Zvezda (Service Module) (Russia)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Bellingshausen (Russia)
      • Mirny (Russia)
      • Novolazarevskaya (Russia)
      • Progress (Russia)
      • Vostok (Russia)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Abkhazia (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia)
    • Donetsk (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • Kuril Islands (de facto territory of Russia; partially claimed by Japan)
    • Luhansk (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • South Ossetia (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia)
    • Transnistria (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Moldova)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
    • Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Rwanda
  • Short name: Rwanda
  • Full name: Republic of Rwanda
  • Freedom score: Repressive (48/100)
  • Development score: Low (54/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Sabanerwa (de facto part of Rwanda; claimed by Burundi)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Short name: Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Full name: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Nevis
      • Saint Kitts
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Saint Lucia
  • Name: Saint Lucia
  • Freedom score: Free (79/100)
  • Development score: High (76/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Name: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Freedom score: Free (79/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Samoa
  • Short name: Samoa
  • Full name: Independent State of Samoa
  • Other names: Western Samoa
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (71/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of San Marino
  • Short name: San Marino
  • Full name: Republic of San Marino
  • Freedom score: Free (93/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sao Tome and Principe
  • Short name: Sao Tome and Principe
  • Full name: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (70/100)
  • Development score: Medium (64/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Saudi Arabia
  • Short name: Saudi Arabia
  • Full name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (37/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sealand
  • Short name: Sealand
  • Full name: Principality of Sealand
  • Other names: H.M. Fort Roughs; Roughs Tower
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by the United Kingdom; unrecognized by all 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Senegal
  • Short name: Senegal
  • Full name: Republic of Senegal
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Serbia
  • Short name: Serbia
  • Full name: Republic of Serbia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (67/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Croatia-Serbia River Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • Kosovo (de facto sovereign; claimed by Serbia)
    • U.N. Mission in Kosovo (administered by the United Nations; de facto and de jure part of Kosovo; claimed by Serbia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Seychelles
  • Short name: Seychelles
  • Full name: Republic of Seychelles
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (72/100)
  • Development score: High (80/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sierra Leone
  • Short name: Sierra Leone
  • Full name: Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Freedom score: Repressive (57/100)
  • Development score: Low (49/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Singapore
  • Short name: Singapore
  • Full name: Republic of Singapore
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (70/100)
  • Development score: High (89/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Slovakia
  • Short name: Slovakia
  • Full name: Slovak Republic
  • Freedom score: Free (76/100)
  • Development score: High (85/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Slovenia
  • Short name: Slovenia
  • Full name: Republic of Slovenia
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (89/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Solomon Islands
  • Name: Solomon Islands
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (68/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Somalia
  • Short name: Somalia
  • Full name: Federal Republic of Somalia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (7/100)
  • Development score: Low (36/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Capital City:
      • Banaadir
    • Member States:
      • Galmudug
      • Hirshabelle
      • Jubaland
      • Puntland (de facto part of Somalia; claims independence)
      • South West
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Somaliland (de facto sovereign; claimed by Somalia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Somaliland
  • Short name: Somaliland
  • Full name: Republic of Somaliland
  • Freedom score: Repressive (42/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Regions:
      • Awdal
      • Maroodi Jeeh
      • Sanaag
      • Sool
      • Togdheer
      • Woqooyi Galbeed
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by Somalia; unrecognized by all 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of South Africa
  • Short name: South Africa
  • Full name: Republic of South Africa
  • Other names: Zuid-Afrika
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (70/100)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • SANAE IV (South Africa)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal (de facto part of South Africa; claimed by Eswatini)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of South Korea
  • Short name: South Korea
  • Full name: Republic of Korea
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (90/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Jang Bogo (South Korea)
      • King Sejong (South Korea)
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by North Korea; unrecognized by 1 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Dokdo Islands (de facto part of South Korea; claimed by Japan as Takeshima)
    • North Korea (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by South Korea)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of South Ossetia
  • Short name: South Ossetia
  • Full name: Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania
  • Other names: Tskhinvali Region
  • Freedom score: Repressive (10/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Georgia; unrecognized by 188 of 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of South Sudan
  • Short name: South Sudan
  • Full name: Republic of South Sudan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (2/100)
  • Development score: Low (38/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Central Equatoria
      • Eastern Equatoria
      • Jonglei
      • Lakes
      • Northern Bahr el Ghazal
      • Unity
      • Upper Nile
      • Warrap
      • Western Bahr el Ghazal
      • Western Equatoria
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Abyei (jointly administered by South Sudan and Sudan)
    • Ilemi Triangle (de facto part of Kenya; claimed by South Sudan)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Spain
  • Short name: Spain
  • Full name: Kingdom of Spain
  • Other names: España
  • Freedom score: Free (81/100)
  • Development score: High (89/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Autonomous Cities:
      • Ceuta (de facto part of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
      • Melilla (de facto part of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
    • Autonomous Communities:
      • Andalusia
      • Aragon
      • Asturias
      • Balearic Islands
      • Basque Country
      • Canary Islands
      • Cantabria
      • Castile and Leon
      • Castile-La Mancha
      • Catalonia (de facto part of Spain; active separatist movement)
      • Extremadura
      • Galicia
      • La Rioja
      • Madrid
      • Navarre
      • Region of Murcia
      • Valencia
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Territories:
      • Minor Places of Sovereignty (de facto territory of Spain; claimed by Morocco)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Gibraltar (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Spain)
    • Olivenza (de facto part of Spain [Extremadura]; claimed by Portugal)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Euro Area (Eurozone)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sri Lanka
  • Short name: Sri Lanka
  • Full name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sudan
  • Short name: Sudan
  • Full name: Republic of the Sudan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (30/100)
  • Development score: Low (49/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Military)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Blue Nile
      • Central Darfur
      • East Darfur
      • Gedaref
      • Gezira
      • Kassala
      • Khartoum
      • North Darfur
      • North Kordofan
      • Northern
      • Red Sea
      • River Nile
      • Sennar
      • South Darfur
      • South Kordofan
      • West Darfur
      • West Kordofan
      • White Nile
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Abyei (jointly administered by South Sudan and Sudan)
    • Halaib Triangle (de facto part of Egypt; claimed by Sudan)
    • Wadi Halfa Salient (de facto part of Egypt; claimed by Sudan)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Suriname
  • Short name: Suriname
  • Full name: Republic of Suriname
  • Other names: Surinam
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (67/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Area West of the Marouini River (de facto part of France [French Guiana]; claimed by Suriname)
    • Tigri Area (de facto part of Guyana; claimed by Suriname)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • South Center
    • Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sweden
  • Short name: Sweden
  • Full name: Kingdom of Sweden
  • Freedom score: Free (88/100)
  • Development score: High (93/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ladonia (de facto part of Sweden; claims independence)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Switzerland
  • Short name: Switzerland
  • Full name: Swiss Confederation
  • Other names: Helvetic Confederation; Helvetica
  • Freedom score: Free (89/100)
  • Development score: High (94/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Cantons:
      • Aargau
      • Appenzell Inner-Rhodes
      • Appenzell Outer-Rhodes
      • Basel City
      • Basel Country
      • Berne
      • Friburg
      • Geneva
      • Glarus
      • Grisons
      • Jura
      • Lucerne
      • Neuchatel
      • Nidwald
      • Obwald
      • Saint Gall
      • Schaffhouse
      • Schwyz
      • Soleure
      • Tessin
      • Thurgovia
      • Uri
      • Vaud
      • Wallis
      • Zoug
      • Zurich
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Syria
  • Short name: Syria
  • Full name: Syrian Arab Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (18/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Golan Heights (de facto occupied by Israel; claimed by Syria)
    • Kurdistan (de facto part of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey; active separatist movement)
    • Lebanon-Syria Border Region (border not clearly demarcated)
    • U.N. Mission in the Golan Heights (administered by the United Nations; de facto and de jure part of Syria)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Taiwan
  • Short name: Taiwan
  • Full name: Republic of China
  • Other names: Chinese Taipei; Nationalist China; Free Area of China; Formosa
  • Freedom score: Free (87/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Cities:
      • Chiayi
      • Hsinchu
      • Keelung
    • Counties:
      • Changhua
      • Chiayi
      • Hsinchu
      • Hualien
      • Kinmen
      • Lienchiang
      • Miaoli
      • Nantou
      • Penghu
      • Pingtung
      • Taitung
      • Yilan
      • Yunlin
    • Special Municipalities:
      • Kaohsiung
      • New Taipei
      • Taichung
      • Tainan
      • Taipei
      • Taoyuan
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by China; unrecognized by 179 of 193 U.N. member states
  • Territorial disputes:
    • China (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Taiwan)
    • James Shoal (de facto part of Malaysia; claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Macclesfield Bank (claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Paracel Islands (de facto part of China; claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam)
    • Pratas Islands (de facto part of Taiwan; claimed by China)
    • Scarborough Shoal (de facto part of China; de jure part of the Philippines; claimed by Taiwan)
    • Senkaku Islands (de facto part of Japan; claimed by China and Taiwan)
    • Spratly Islands (claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines)
  • U.N. status: None
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes (unoffical)

Map of Tajikistan
  • Short name: Tajikistan
  • Full name: Republic of Tajikistan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (35/100)
  • Development score: Medium (62/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Kyrgystan-Tajikistan-Uzbekistan Border Region (borders in the Fergana and Isfara Valleys are not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
    • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Tanzania
  • Short name: Tanzania
  • Full name: United Republic of Tanzania
  • Freedom score: Repressive (52/100)
  • Development score: Low (54/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Regions:
      • Arusha
      • Coast
      • Dar es Salaam
      • Dodoma
      • Geita
      • Iringa
      • Kagera
      • Katavi
      • Kigoma
      • Kilimanjaro
      • Lindi
      • Manyara
      • Mara
      • Mbeya
      • Morogoro
      • Mtwara
      • Mwanza
      • Njombe
      • Pemba North
      • Pemba South
      • Rukwa
      • Ruvuma
      • Shinyanga
      • Simiyu
      • Singida
      • Songwe
      • Tabora
      • Tanga
      • Zanzibar North
      • Zanzibar South
      • Zanzibar West
  • Territorial disputes:
    • North-Eastern Quadrant of Lake Malawi (de facto part of Tanzania, claimed by Malawi)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Thailand
  • Short name: Thailand
  • Full name: Kingdom of Thailand
  • Freedom score: Repressive (56/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Area Northwest of the Preah Vihear Temple (de facto occupied by Thailand; de jure part of Cambodia)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Timor-Leste
  • Short name: Timor-Leste
  • Full name: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Other names: East Timor
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (70/100)
  • Development score: Medium (60/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Togo
  • Short name: Togo
  • Full name: Togolese Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (47/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Tonga
  • Short name: Tonga
  • Full name: Kingdom of Tonga
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (68/100)
  • Development score: Medium (72/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Minerva Reefs (de facto part of Tonga; claimed by Fiji; site of two micronation attempts)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Transnistria
  • Short name: Transnistria
  • Full name: Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
  • Freedom score: Repressive (20/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Moldova; unrecognized by all 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Short name: Trinidad and Tobago
  • Full name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (71/100)
  • Development score: High (78/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Tunisia
  • Short name: Tunisia
  • Full name: Republic of Tunisia
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (63/100)
  • Development score: Medium (74/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
    • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Turkey
  • Short name: Turkey
  • Full name: Republic of Turkey
  • Freedom score: Repressive (51/100)
  • Development score: High (75/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (Dictatorship)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Greece-Turkey Maritime Border Region (maritime borders not clearly demarcated)
    • Kurdistan (de facto part of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey; active separatist movement)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Turkmenistan
  • Short name: Turkmenistan
  • Full name: Republic of Turkmenistan
  • Other names: Turkmenia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (22/100)
  • Development score: Medium (65/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Tuvalu
  • Name: Tuvalu
  • Freedom score: Free (93/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Uganda
  • Short name: Uganda
  • Full name: Republic of Uganda
  • Freedom score: Repressive (52/100)
  • Development score: Low (53/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Migingo Island (de facto and de jure part of Kenya; claimed by Uganda)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
    • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Ukraine
  • Name: Ukraine
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (60/100)
  • Development score: High (77/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • City With Special Status:
      • Kyiv (City)
    • Regions:
      • Cherkasy
      • Chernihiv
      • Chernivtsi
      • Dnipropetrovsk
      • Ivano-Frankivsk
      • Kharkiv
      • Kherson
      • Khmelnytskyi
      • Kirovohrad
      • Kyiv (Region)
      • Lviv
      • Mykolaiv
      • Odessa
      • Poltava
      • Rivne
      • Sumy
      • Ternopil
      • Vinnytsia
      • Volyn
      • Zakarpattia
      • Zaporizhzhia
      • Zhytomyr
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Vernadsky (Ukraine and United Kingdom)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Crimea (de facto part of Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • Donetsk (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • Luhansk (de facto sovereign; aligned with Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
    • Sevastopol (de facto part of Russia; claimed by Ukraine)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • E.U. status: Candidate
  • Other memberships:
    • Central European Initiative (CEI)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
    • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of United Arab Emirates
  • Name: United Arab Emirates
  • Freedom score: Repressive (46/100)
  • Development score: High (80/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Limited)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Emirates:
      • Abu Dhabi
      • Ajman
      • Dubai
      • Fujairah
      • Ras Al Khaimah
      • Sharjah
      • Umm Al Quwain
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Tunbs and Abu Masa Islands (de facto part of Iran; claimed by United Arab Emirates)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of United Kingdom
  • Short name: United Kingdom
  • Full name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Other names: U.K.; Britain
  • Freedom score: Free (85/100)
  • Development score: High (91/100)
  • Government type: Monarchy (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Countries:
      • England
      • Northern Ireland
      • Scotland
      • Wales
  • Territories:
    • Crown Dependencies:
      • Guernsey
      • Isle of Man
      • Jersey
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
    • Overseas Territories:
      • Akrotiri and Dhekelia (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Cyprus)
      • Anguilla
      • Bermuda
      • British Indian Ocean Territory (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Mauritius as the Chagos Archipelago)
      • British Virgin Islands
      • Cayman Islands
      • Falkland Islands (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Argentina as Islas Malvinas)
      • Gibraltar (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Spain)
      • Montserrat
      • Pitcairn Islands
      • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
      • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (de facto territory of the United Kingdom; claimed by Argentina)
      • Turks and Caicos Islands
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Rothera (United Kingdom)
      • Vernadsky (Ukraine and United Kingdom)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • British Antarctic Territory (claimed by the United Kingdom; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and Chile; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Chilean Antarctic Territory (claimed by Chile; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
    • Rockall Islet (claimed by Denmark [Faroe Islands], Iceland, and the United Kingdom)
    • Sealand (de facto sovereign; claimed by the United Kingdom)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Australia–United Kingdom–United States Pact (AUKUS)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Council of Europe (COE)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
    • European Space Agency (ESA)
    • Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of United States
  • Short name: United States
  • Full name: United States of America
  • Other names: U.S.; USA; America
  • Freedom score: Free (80/100)
  • Development score: High (89/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • Federal District:
      • District of Columbia
    • States:
      • Alabama
      • Alaska
      • Arizona
      • Arkansas
      • California
      • Colorado
      • Connecticut
      • Delaware
      • Florida
      • Georgia
      • Hawaii
      • Idaho
      • Illinois
      • Indiana
      • Iowa
      • Kansas
      • Kentucky
      • Louisiana
      • Maine
      • Maryland
      • Massachusetts
      • Michigan
      • Minnesota
      • Mississippi
      • Missouri
      • Montana
      • Nebraska
      • Nevada
      • New Hampshire
      • New Jersey
      • New Mexico
      • New York
      • North Carolina
      • North Dakota
      • Ohio
      • Oklahoma
      • Oregon
      • Pennsylvania
      • Rhode Island
      • South Carolina
      • South Dakota
      • Tennessee
      • Texas
      • Utah
      • Vermont
      • Virginia
      • Washington
      • West Virginia
      • Wisconsin
      • Wyoming
  • Territories:
    • Federally Recognized Alaska Native Tribes:
      • Afognak Native Village
      • Agdaagux Tribe of King Cove
      • Akhiok Native Village
      • Akiachak Native Community
      • Akiak Native Community
      • Akutan Native Village
      • Alakanuk Village
      • Alatna Village
      • Aleknagik Native Village
      • Algaaciq Native Village (Saint Mary’s)
      • Allakaket Village
      • Alutiiq Tribe of Old Harbor
      • Ambler Native Village
      • Anaktuvuk Pass Village
      • Angoon Community Association
      • Aniak Village
      • Anvik Village
      • Arctic and Venetie Native Villages
      • Asa’carsarmiut Tribe
      • Atka Native Village
      • Atmautluak Village
      • Atqasuk Native Village
      • Barrow Inupiat Native Village
      • Beaver Village
      • Belkofski Native Village
      • Bill Moore’s Slough Village
      • Birch Creek Tribe
      • Brevig Mission Native Village
      • Buckland Native Village
      • Cantwell Native Village
      • Chalkyitsik Village
      • Cheesh-Na Tribe
      • Chefornak Village
      • Chenega Native Village
      • Chevak Native Village
      • Chickaloon Native Village
      • Chignik Bay Tribal Council
      • Chignik Lagoon Native Village
      • Chignik Lake Village
      • Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)
      • Chilkoot Indian Association (Haines)
      • Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin)
      • Chitina Native Village
      • Chuathbaluk Native Village
      • Chuloonawick Native Village
      • Circle Native Community
      • Clarks Point Village
      • Council Native Village
      • Craig Tribal Association
      • Crooked Creek Village
      • Curyung Tribal Council
      • Deering Native Village
      • Diomede Native Village
      • Dot Lake Village
      • Douglas Indian Association
      • Eagle Native Village
      • Eek Native Village
      • Egegik Village
      • Eklutna Native Village
      • Ekuk Native Village
      • Ekwok Native Village
      • Elim Native Village
      • Emmonak Village
      • Evansville Village
      • Eyak Native Village
      • False Pass Native Village
      • Fort Yukon Native Village
      • Gakona Native Village
      • Galena Village
      • Gambell Native Village
      • Georgetown Native Village
      • Goodnews Bay Native Village
      • Grayling Village
      • Gulkana Village Council
      • Hamilton Native Village
      • Healy Lake Village
      • Holy Cross Tribe
      • Hoonah Indian Association
      • Hooper Bay Native Village
      • Hughes Village
      • Huslia Village
      • Hydaburg Cooperative Association
      • Igiugig Village
      • Iliamna Village
      • Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope
      • Iqugmiut Traditional Council
      • Ivanof Bay Tribe
      • Kaguyak Village
      • Kake Village
      • Kaktovik Village
      • Kalskag Village
      • Kaltag Village
      • Kanatak Native Village
      • Karluk Native Village
      • Kasaan Village
      • Kasigluk Traditional Elders Council
      • Kenaitze Indian Tribe
      • Ketchikan Indian Community
      • Kiana Native Village
      • King Island Native Community
      • King Salmon Tribe
      • Kipnuk Native Village
      • Kivalina Native Village
      • Klawock Cooperative Association
      • Kluti Kaah Native Village
      • Knik Tribe
      • Kobuk Native Village
      • Kokhanok Village
      • Kongiganak Native Village
      • Kotlik Village
      • Kotzebue Native Village
      • Koyuk Native Village
      • Koyukuk Native Village
      • Kwethluk Village
      • Kwigillingok Native Village
      • Kwinhagak Native Village
      • Larsen Bay Native Village
      • Levelock Village
      • Lime Village
      • Lower Kalskag Village
      • Manley Hot Springs Village
      • Manokotak Village
      • Marshall Native Village
      • Mary’s Igloo Native Village
      • McGrath Native Village
      • Mekoryuk Native Village
      • Mentasta Traditional Council
      • Metlakatla Indian Community
      • Minto Native Village
      • Naknek Native Village
      • Nanwalek Native Village
      • Napaimute Native Village
      • Napakiak Native Village
      • Napaskiak Native Village
      • Nelson Lagoon Native Village
      • Nenana Native Association
      • New Koliganek Village Council
      • New Stuyahok Village
      • Newhalen Village
      • Newtok Village
      • Nightmute Native Village
      • Nikolai Village
      • Nikolski Native Village
      • Ninilchik Village
      • Noatak Native Village
      • Nome Eskimo Community
      • Nondalton Village
      • Noorvik Native Community
      • Northway Village
      • Nuiqsut Native Village
      • Nulato Village
      • Nunakauyarmiut Tribe
      • Nunam Iqua Native Village
      • Nunapitchuk Native Village
      • Ohogamiut Village
      • Orutsararmiut Traditional Native Council
      • Oscarville Traditional Village
      • Ouzinkie Native Village
      • Paimiut Native Village
      • Pauloff Harbor Village
      • Pedro Bay Village
      • Perryville Native Village
      • Petersburg Indian Association
      • Pilot Point Native Village
      • Pilot Station Traditional Village
      • Pitka’s Point Traditional Council
      • Platinum Traditional Village
      • Point Hope Native Village
      • Point Lay Native Village
      • Port Graham Native Village
      • Port Heiden Native Village
      • Port Lions Native Village
      • Portage Creek Village
      • Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities (Saint Paul and Saint George)
      • Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point
      • Qawalangin Tribe of Unalaska
      • Rampart Village
      • Red Devil Village
      • Ruby Native Village
      • Saint Michael Native Village
      • Salamatof Tribe
      • Savoonga Native Village
      • Saxman Village
      • Scammon Bay Native Village
      • Selawik Native Village
      • Seldovia Village Tribe
      • Shageluk Native Village
      • Shaktoolik Native Village
      • Shishmaref Native Village
      • Shungnak Native Village
      • Sitka Tribe of Alaska
      • Skagway Village
      • Sleetmute Village
      • Solomon Village
      • South Naknek Village
      • Stebbins Community Association
      • Stevens Native Village
      • Stony River Village
      • Sun’aq Tribe of Kodiak
      • Takotna Village
      • Tanacross Native Village
      • Tanana Native Village
      • Tangirnaq Native Village
      • Tatitlek Native Village
      • Tazlina Native Village
      • Telida Village
      • Teller Native Village
      • Tetlin Native Village
      • Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes
      • Traditional Village of Togiak
      • Tuluksak Native Community
      • Tuntutuliak Native Village
      • Tununak Native Village
      • Twin Hills Village
      • Tyonek Native Village
      • Ugashik Village
      • Umkumiut Native Village
      • Unalakleet Native Village
      • Unga Native Village
      • Wainwright Village
      • Wales Native Village
      • White Mountain Native Village
      • Wrangell Cooperative Association
      • Yakutat Tlingit Tribe
      • Yupiit of Andreafski
    • Federally Recognized Indian Tribes:
      • Absentee Shawnee Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Acoma Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Agua Caliente Band (Cahuilla) (California)
      • Ak-Chin Indian Community (Arizona)
      • Alabama-Coushatta Tribe (Texas)
      • Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town (Oklahoma)
      • Alturas Indian Rancheria (California)
      • Apache Tribe of Oklahoma (Oklahoma)
      • Aroostook Band of Micmacs (Maine)
      • Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes (Fort Peck) (Montana)
      • Augustine Band (Cahuilla) (California)
      • Bad River Band (Chippewa) (Wisconsin)
      • Bay Mills Indian Community (Michigan)
      • Bear River Band (California)
      • Berry Creek Rancheria (Maidu) (California)
      • Big Lagoon Rancheria (California)
      • Big Pine Paiute Tribe (California)
      • Big Sandy Rancheria (Western Mono) (California)
      • Big Valley Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Bishop Paiute Tribe (California)
      • Blackfeet Nation (Montana)
      • Blue Lake Rancheria (California)
      • Bridgeport Indian Colony (California)
      • Buena Vista Rancheria (Me-Wuk) (California)
      • Burns Paiute Tribe (Oregon)
      • Cabazon Band (Mission) (California)
      • Cachil DeHe Band (Wintun) (California)
      • Caddo Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Cahto Tribe (California)
      • Cahuilla Band (California)
      • California Valley Miwok Tribe (California)
      • Campo Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Capitan Grande Reservation (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Catawba Indian Nation (South Carolina)
      • Cayuga Nation (New York)
      • Cedarville Rancheria (California)
      • Chehalis Reservation (Washington)
      • Chemehuevi Indian Tribe (California)
      • Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community (California)
      • Cherokee Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes (Oklahoma)
      • Chickahominy Indian Tribe (Virginia)
      • Chickasaw Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Chicken Ranch Rancheria (Me-Wuk) (California)
      • Chippewa Cree Indians (Montana)
      • Chitimacha Tribe (Louisiana)
      • Choctaw Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Citizen Potawatomi Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Cloverdale Rancheria (Pomo) (California)
      • Cochiti Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Cocopah Tribe (Arizona)
      • Coeur D’Alene Tribe (Idaho)
      • Cold Springs Rancheria (Mono) (California)
      • Colorado River Indian Tribes (Arizona, California)
      • Colville Reservation (Washington)
      • Comanche Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians (Oregon)
      • Coquille Indian Tribe (Oregon)
      • Coushatta Tribe (Louisiana)
      • Cow Creek Band (Umpqua) (Oregon)
      • Cowlitz Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Coyote Valley Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Crow Creek Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Crow Tribe (Montana)
      • Delaware Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Delaware Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Dry Creek Rancheria (Pomo) (California)
      • Duckwater Shoshone Tribe (Nevada)
      • Eastern Band (Cherokee) (North Carolina)
      • Eastern Chickahominy Indian Tribe (Virginia)
      • Eastern Shawnee Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Eastern Shoshone Tribe (Wind River) (Wyoming)
      • Elem Indian Colony (Pomo) (California)
      • Elk Valley Rancheria (California)
      • Ely Shoshone Tribe (Nevada)
      • Enterprise Rancheria (Maidu) (California)
      • Ewiiaapaayp Band (Kumeyaay) (California)
      • Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Forest County Potawatomi Community (Wisconsin)
      • Fort Belknap Indian Community (Montana)
      • Fort Bidwell Indian Community (California)
      • Fort Independence Indian Community (Paiute) (California)
      • Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes (Nevada, Oregon)
      • Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation (Arizona)
      • Fort Mojave Indian Tribe (Arizona, California, Nevada)
      • Fort Sill Apache Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Gila River Indian Community (Arizona)
      • Goshute Reservation (Nevada, Utah)
      • Grand Ronde Community (Oregon)
      • Grand Traverse Band (Ottawa and Chippewa) (Michigan)
      • Graton Rancheria (California)
      • Greenville Rancheria (California)
      • Grindstone Indian Rancheria (Wintun-Wailaki) (California)
      • Guidiville Rancheria (California)
      • Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake (California)
      • Hannahville Indian Community (Michigan)
      • Havasupai Tribe (Arizona)
      • Ho-Chunk Nation (Wisconsin)
      • Hoh Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Hoopa Valley Tribe (California)
      • Hopi Tribe (Arizona)
      • Hopland Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Houlton Band (Maliseet) (Maine)
      • Hualapai Indian Tribe (Arizona)
      • Iipay Nation (California)
      • Inaja Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Ione Band (Miwok) (California)
      • Iowa Tribe (Kansas, Nebraska)
      • Iowa Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Isleta Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Jackson Band (Miwuk) (California)
      • Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe (Washington)
      • Jamul Indian Village (California)
      • Jemez Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Jena Band (Choctaw) (Louisiana)
      • Jicarilla Apache Nation (New Mexico)
      • Kaibab Band (Paiute) (Arizona)
      • Kalispel Indian Community (Washington)
      • Karuk Tribe (California)
      • Kashia Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Kaw Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (Michigan)
      • Kialegee Tribal Town (Oklahoma)
      • Kickapoo Traditional Tribe (Texas)
      • Kickapoo Tribe (Kansas)
      • Kickapoo Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Kiowa Indian Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Klamath Tribes (Oregon)
      • Kletsel Dehe Band (Wintun) (California)
      • Koi Nation (California)
      • Kootenai Tribe (Idaho)
      • La Jolla Band (Luiseno) (California)
      • La Posta Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Lac Courte Oreilles Band (Chippewa) (Wisconsin)
      • Lac Vieux Desert Band (Chippewa) (Michigan)
      • Lac du Flambeau Band (Chippewa) (Wisconsin)
      • Laguna Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Las Vegas Tribe (Paiute) (Nevada)
      • Little River Band (Ottowa) (Michigan)
      • Little Shell Tribe (Chippewa) (Montana)
      • Little Traverse Bay Bands (Odawa) (Michigan)
      • Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe (California)
      • Los Coyotes Band (Cahuilla and Cupeno) (California)
      • Lovelock Paiute Tribe (Nevada)
      • Lower Brule Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Lower Elwha Tribal Community (Washington)
      • Lower Sioux Indian Community (Minnesota)
      • Lummi Tribe (Washington)
      • Lytton Rancheria (Pomo) (California)
      • Makah Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Manchester Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation (North Dakota)
      • Manzanita Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe (Connecticut)
      • Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe (Massachusetts)
      • Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band (Pottawatomi) (Michigan)
      • Mechoopda Indian Tribe (California)
      • Menominee Indian Tribe (Wisconsin)
      • Mesa Grande Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Mescalero Apache Tribe (New Mexico)
      • Miami Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Miccosukee Tribe of Indians (Florida)
      • Middletown Rancheria (Pomo) (California)
      • Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Minnesota)
      • Mississippi Band (Choctaw) (Mississippi)
      • Moapa Band (Paiute) (Nevada)
      • Modoc Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Mohegan Tribe (Connecticut)
      • Monacan Indian Nation (Virginia)
      • Mooretown Rancheria (Maidu) (California)
      • Morongo Band (Mission) (California)
      • Muckleshoot Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Muscogee Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Nambe Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Nansemond Indian Nation (Virginia)
      • Narragansett Indian Tribe (Rhode Island)
      • Navajo Nation (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah)
      • Nez Perce Tribe (Idaho)
      • Nisqually Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Nooksack Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Northern Arapaho Tribe (Wind River) (Wyoming)
      • Northern Cheyenne Tribe (Montana)
      • Northfork Rancheria (Mono) (California)
      • Northwestern Band (Shoshone) (Utah)
      • Nottawaseppi Huron Band (Potawatomi) (Michigan)
      • Oglala Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Ohkay Owingeh (New Mexico)
      • Omaha Tribe (Iowa, Nebraska)
      • Oneida Indian Nation (New York)
      • Oneida Nation (Wisconsin)
      • Onondaga Nation (New York)
      • Osage Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Otoe-Missouria Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Ottawa Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Paiute Indian Tribe (Utah)
      • Paiute-Shoshone Tribe (Nevada)
      • Pala Band (Mission) (California)
      • Pamunkey Indian Tribe (Virginia)
      • Pascua Yaqui Tribe (Arizona)
      • Paskenta Band (Nomlaki) (California)
      • Passamaquoddy Tribe (Maine)
      • Pauma Band (Luiseno Mission) (California)
      • Pawnee Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Pechanga Band (Luiseno Mission) (California)
      • Penobscot Nation (Maine)
      • Peoria Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Picayune Rancheria (Chukchansi) (California)
      • Picuris Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Pinoleville Pomo Nation (California)
      • Pit River Tribe (California)
      • Poarch Band (Creek) (Alabama)
      • Pojoaque Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Pokagon Band (Potawatomi) (Indiana, Michigan)
      • Ponca Tribe (Nebraska)
      • Ponca Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe (Washington)
      • Potter Valley Tribe (California)
      • Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation (Kansas)
      • Prairie Island Indian Community (Minnesota)
      • Puyallup Tribe (Washington)
      • Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe (Nevada)
      • Quapaw Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Quartz Valley Indian Community (California)
      • Quechan Tribe (Arizona, California)
      • Quileute Tribe (Washington)
      • Quinault Indian Nation (Washington)
      • Ramona Band (Cahuilla) (California)
      • Rappahannock Tribe (Virginia)
      • Red Cliff Band (Chippewa) (Wisconsin)
      • Red Lake Band (Chippewa) (Minnesota)
      • Redding Rancheria (California)
      • Redwood Valley or Little River Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Reno-Sparks Indian Colony (Nevada)
      • Resighini Rancheria (California)
      • Rincon Band (Luiseno Mission) (California)
      • Robinson Rancheria (California)
      • Rosebud Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Round Valley Indian Tribes (California)
      • Sac & Fox Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri (Kansas, Nebraska)
      • Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi (Iowa)
      • Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe (Michigan)
      • Saint Croix Chippewa Indians (Wisconsin)
      • Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe (New York)
      • Salish and Kootenai Tribes (Montana)
      • Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (Arizona)
      • Samish Indian Nation (Washington)
      • San Carlos Apache Tribe (Arizona)
      • San Felipe Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • San Ildefonso Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe (Arizona)
      • San Manuel Band (Mission) (California)
      • San Pasqual Band (Diegueno Mission) (California)
      • Sandia Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Santa Ana Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Santa Clara Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Santa Rosa Band (Cahuilla) (California)
      • Santa Rosa Indian Community (California)
      • Santa Ynez Band (Chumash Mission) (California)
      • Santee Sioux Nation (Nebraska)
      • Santo Domingo Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Sault Tribe (Chippewa) (Michigan)
      • Scotts Valley Band (Pomo) (California)
      • Seminole Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Seminole Tribe (Florida)
      • Seneca Nation (New York)
      • Seneca-Cayuga Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community (Minnesota)
      • Shawnee Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Sherwood Valley Rancheria (Pomo) (California)
      • Shingle Springs Band (Miwok) (California)
      • Shinnecock Indian Nation (New York)
      • Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Shoshone-Bannock Tribes (Idaho)
      • Shoshone-Paiute Tribes (Nevada)
      • Siletz Indians (Oregon)
      • Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate (South Dakota)
      • Skokomish Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Skull Valley Band (Goshute) (Utah)
      • Snoqualmie Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Soboba Band (Luiseno) (California)
      • Sokaogon Chippewa Community (Wisconsin)
      • Southern Ute Indian Tribe (Colorado)
      • Spirit Lake Tribe (North Dakota)
      • Spokane Tribe (Washington)
      • Squaxin Island Tribe (Washington)
      • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (North Dakota, South Dakota)
      • Stillaguamish Tribe (Washington)
      • Stockbridge Munsee Community (Wisconsin)
      • Summit Lake Paiute Tribe (Nevada)
      • Suquamish Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Susanville Indian Rancheria (California)
      • Swinomish Indian Tribal Community (Washington)
      • Sycuan Band (Kumeyaay) (California)
      • Table Mountain Rancheria (California)
      • Taos Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Te-Moak Tribe (Western Shoshone) (Nevada)
      • Tejon Indian Tribe (California)
      • Tesuque Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Thlopthlocco Tribal Town (Oklahoma)
      • Timbisha Shoshone Tribe (California)
      • Tohono O’odham Nation (Arizona)
      • Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation (California)
      • Tonawanda Band (Seneca) (New York)
      • Tonkawa Tribe (Oklahoma)
      • Tonto Apache Tribe (Arizona)
      • Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians (California)
      • Tulalip Tribes (Washington)
      • Tule River Indian Tribe (California)
      • Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe (Louisiana)
      • Tuolumne Band (Me-Wuk) (California)
      • Turtle Mountain Band (Chippewa) (North Dakota)
      • Tuscarora Nation (New York)
      • Twenty-Nine Palms Band (Mission) (California)
      • Umatilla Indian Reservation (Oregon)
      • United Auburn Indian Community (California)
      • United Keetoowah Band (Cherokee) (Oklahoma)
      • Upper Mattaponi Tribe (Virginia)
      • Upper Sioux Community (Minnesota)
      • Upper Skagit Indian Tribe (Washington)
      • Ute Indian Tribe (Utah)
      • Ute Mountain Ute Tribe (Colorado, New Mexico, Utah)
      • Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe (California)
      • Walker River Paiute Tribe (Nevada)
      • Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) (Massachusetts)
      • Warm Springs Reservation (Oregon)
      • Washoe Tribe (California, Nevada)
      • White Mountain Apache Tribe (Arizona)
      • Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Oklahoma)
      • Wilton Rancheria (California)
      • Winnebago Tribe (Nebraska)
      • Winnemucca Indian Colony (Nevada)
      • Wiyot Tribe (California)
      • Wyandotte Nation (Oklahoma)
      • Yakama Nation (Washington)
      • Yankton Sioux Tribe (South Dakota)
      • Yavapai-Apache Nation (Arizona)
      • Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe (Arizona)
      • Yerington Paiute Tribe (Nevada)
      • Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation (California)
      • Yomba Shoshone Tribe (Nevada)
      • Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (Texas)
      • Yurok Tribe (California)
      • Zia Pueblo (New Mexico)
      • Zuni Tribe (New Mexico)
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) (United States)
      • Cupola (United States)
      • Destiny (U.S. Lab) (United States)
      • Harmony (Node 2) (United States)
      • Leonardo (Permanent Multipurpose Module) (United States)
      • Quest (Joint Airlock Module) (United States)
      • Tranquility (Node 3) (United States)
      • Unity (Node 1) (United States)
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Amundsen–Scott South Pole (United States)
      • McMurdo (United States)
      • Palmer (United States)
    • Territories (incorporated, unorganized):
      • Palmyra Atoll
    • Territories (unincorporated, organized):
      • Guam
      • Northern Mariana Islands
      • Puerto Rico
      • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • Territories (unincorporated, unorganized):
      • American Samoa
      • Baker Island
      • Howland Island
      • Jarvis Island
      • Johnston Atoll
      • Kingman Reef
      • Midway Islands
      • Navassa Island (de facto territory of the United States; claimed by Haiti)
      • Wake Island (de facto territory of the United States; claimed by Marshall Islands as Anen Kio)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Bajo Nuevo Bank (de facto part of Colombia; claimed by the United States)
    • Canada-United States Maritime Border Region (some maritime borders not clearly demarcated)
    • Guantanamo Bay (de jure territory of Cuba leased to the United States; validity of lease disputed by Cuba)
    • Machias Seal Island (de facto part of Canada [New Brunswick]; claimed by the United States [Maine])
    • North Dumpling Island (de facto part of the United States [New York]; claims independence)
    • Serranilla Bank (de facto part of Colombia; claimed by the United States)
    • Swains Island (de facto territory of the United States [American Samoa]; claimed by Tokelau [territory of New Zealand] as Olosega)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Australia–New Zealand–United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)
    • Australia–United Kingdom–United States Pact (AUKUS)
    • Group of Seven (G7)
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)

Map of Uruguay
  • Short name: Uruguay
  • Full name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay
  • Freedom score: Free (83/100)
  • Development score: High (81/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Artigas (Uruguay)
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Brazilian Island (de facto part of Brazil; claimed by Uruguay)
    • Parva Domus (de facto part of Uruguay; claims independence)
    • Rincon de Artigas (de facto part of Brazil; claimed by Uruguay)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • East African Community (EAC)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • New Development Bank (NDB)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCAS)
    • Southern Common Market (Mercosur)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Uzbekistan
  • Short name: Uzbekistan
  • Full name: Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Freedom score: Repressive (30/100)
  • Development score: Medium (69/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Kyrgystan-Tajikistan-Uzbekistan Border Region (borders in the Fergana and Isfara Valleys are not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
    • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
    • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Vanuatu
  • Short name: Vanuatu
  • Full name: Republic of Vanuatu
  • Other names: New Hebrides
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (71/100)
  • Development score: Medium (61/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Matthew and Hunter Islands (de facto part of France [New Caledonia]; claimed by Vanuatu)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pacific Community (P.C.)
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
    • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Venezuela
  • Short name: Venezuela
  • Full name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • Freedom score: Repressive (27/100)
  • Development score: Medium (71/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Federal; constituent areas:
    • States:
      • Amazonas
      • Anzoategui
      • Apure
      • Aragua
      • Barinas
      • Bolivar
      • Carabobo
      • Cojedes
      • Delta Amacuro
      • Falcon
      • Guarico
      • Lara
      • Merida
      • Miranda
      • Monagas
      • Nueva Esparta
      • Portuguesa
      • Sucre
      • Tachira
      • Trujillo
      • Vargas
      • Yaracuy
      • Zulia
  • Territories:
    • Capital District:
      • Capital District of Venezuela
    • Federal Dependency:
      • Federal Dependencies of Venezuela
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Ankoko Island (de facto part of Venezuela; claimed by Guyana)
    • Area West of the Essequibo River (de facto and de jure part of Guyana; claimed by Venezuela)
    • Colombia-Venezuela Maritime Border Region (maritime border not clearly demarcated)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
    • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
    • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
    • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
    • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
    • Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Pact)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
    • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
    • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
    • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
    • Organization of American States (OAS)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Vietnam
  • Short name: Vietnam
  • Full name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Other names: Việt Nam
  • Freedom score: Repressive (43/100)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100)
  • Government type: Totalitarian (One-Party)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Territorial disputes:
    • Paracel Islands (de facto part of China; claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam)
    • Spratly Islands (claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines)
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
    • Asia Cooperation Dialog (ACD)
    • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
    • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
    • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
    • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
    • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Italy–Latin America Conference
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
    • South Center
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Western Sahara
  • Short name: Western Sahara
  • Full name: Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Other names: Spanish Sahara
  • Freedom score: Repressive (4/100)
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Republic (Semi-Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto sovereign; claimed by Morocco; unrecognized by 152 of 193 U.N. member states
  • U.N. status: None
  • Other memberships:
    • African Union (A.U.)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of Yemen
  • Short name: Yemen
  • Full name: Republic of Yemen
  • Freedom score: Repressive (24/100)
  • Development score: Low (43/100)
  • Government type: Provisional
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
    • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
    • Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition (IMCTC)
    • League of Arab States (Arab League)
    • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Zambia
  • Short name: Zambia
  • Full name: Republic of Zambia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (55/100)
  • Development score: Low (56/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Zimbabwe
  • Short name: Zimbabwe
  • Full name: Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Other names: Rhodesia
  • Freedom score: Repressive (39/100)
  • Development score: Low (55/100)
  • Government type: Republic (Presidential)
  • Structure: Unitary
  • U.N. status: Member
  • Other memberships:
    • African Development Bank (ADB)
    • African Union (A.U.)
    • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
    • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
    • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
    • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
    • South Center
    • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Non-State Sovereign Entities

Map of European Union

The European Union (E.U.) is a unique organization comprising twenty-seven European states (with five candidates for future membership). It combines some features of a multinational organization, a trade association, and a federation or federal republic. Here it is categorized as a non-state sovereign entity because its members have ceded some of their sovereignty to the E.U. and it is authorized to enter into its own trade agreements and treaties. Its system of governance is essentially a parliamentary republic.

  • Name: European Union
  • Other names: E.U.
  • Freedom score: Free (81/100) (average of member scores)
  • Development score: High (88/100) (average of member scores)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Membership-based; participants:
    • Members:
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Bulgaria
      • Croatia
      • Cyprus
      • Czechia
      • Denmark
      • Estonia
      • Finland
      • France
      • Germany
      • Greece
      • Hungary
      • Ireland
      • Italy
      • Latvia
      • Lithuania
      • Luxembourg
      • Malta
      • Netherlands
      • Poland
      • Portugal
      • Romania
      • Slovakia
      • Slovenia
      • Spain
      • Sweden
    • Candidates:
      • Albania
      • Moldova
      • Montenegro
      • North Macedonia
      • Serbia
      • Turkey
      • Ukraine
    • Potential Candidates:
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Kosovo (de facto sovereign; claimed by Serbia)
    • Applicants:
      • Georgia
  • U.N. status: Observer
  • Other memberships:
    • Group of Twenty (G20)
    • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
    • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
    • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
    • World Customs Organization (WCO)
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Holy See

The Holy See is the jurisdiction of the Catholic Bishop of Rome (the Pope) and the government of the Catholic Church. It is a sovereign subject of international law and has independent diplomatic relations with other sovereigns. It is often conflated with the Vatican City State, but it is the Holy See—not the Vatican—that is sovereign. The Holy See exercises its sovereignty over the territory of the Vatican and over some church properties in Rome that have been granted extraterritorial status by Italy. Its system of governance is an absolute monarchy.

  • Name: Holy See
  • Other names: See of Rome; Apostolic See; Catholic Church; Vatican
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Territories:
    • Territories:
      • Extraterritorial Properties in Italy
      • Vatican City State
  • U.N. status: Permanent Observer
  • Other memberships:
    • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
    • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
    • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Map of Sovereign Military Order of Malta

The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a Catholic lay religious order. It is a sovereign subject of international law that has independent diplomatic relations with other sovereigns. It operates in over 120 countries to provide medical, social, and humanitarian services. It has no territory of its own, but exercises its sovereignty over two properties where it has been granted extraterritorial status—part of Fort Saint Angelo in Malta and its headquarters in Italy. Its system of governance is an absolute monarchy but, as a Catholic order, it is also subject to the jurisdiction of the Holy See.

  • Short name: Sovereign Military Order of Malta
  • Full name: Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta
  • Other names: SMOM; Knights of Malta; Order of Malta
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Government type: Monarchy (Absolute)
  • Territories:
    • Extraterritorial Areas:
      • Fort Saint Angelo, Upper Part (Malta)
      • Headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (Rome, Italy)
  • U.N. status: Observer
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: No

Map of United Nations

The United Nations (U.N.) is a multinational organization comprising 193 member states and two sovereign permanent observers. All member states have equal representation in the U.N. General Assembly (UNGA), which is a deliberative body that sets the budget and membership dues and makes recommendations. The smaller U.N. Security Council (UNSC) has responsibility for maintaining international peace and security and has the authority to enforce its resolutions. The UNSC has fifteen members: five permanent members with veto power (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and ten other members elected by the UNGA.

  • Name: United Nations
  • Other names: U.N.
  • Freedom score: Partly Free (61/100) (average of member scores)
  • Development score: Medium (70/100) (average of member scores)
  • Government type: Republic (Parliamentary)
  • Structure: Membership-based; participants:
    • Members:
      • Afghanistan
      • Albania
      • Algeria
      • Andorra
      • Angola
      • Antigua and Barbuda
      • Argentina
      • Armenia
      • Australia
      • Austria
      • Azerbaijan
      • Bahamas
      • Bahrain
      • Bangladesh
      • Barbados
      • Belarus
      • Belgium
      • Belize (de facto and de jure sovereign; partially claimed by Guatemala)
      • Benin
      • Bhutan
      • Bolivia
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Botswana
      • Brazil
      • Brunei
      • Bulgaria
      • Burkina Faso
      • Burundi
      • Cabo Verde
      • Cambodia
      • Cameroon
      • Canada
      • Central African Republic
      • Chad
      • Chile
      • China (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Taiwan)
      • Colombia
      • Comoros
      • Congo
      • Costa Rica
      • Cote d’Ivoire
      • Croatia
      • Cuba
      • Cyprus
      • Czechia
      • Democratic Republic of the Congo
      • Denmark
      • Djibouti
      • Dominica
      • Dominican Republic
      • Ecuador
      • Egypt
      • El Salvador
      • Equatorial Guinea
      • Eritrea
      • Estonia
      • Eswatini
      • Ethiopia
      • Fiji
      • Finland
      • France
      • Gabon
      • Gambia
      • Georgia
      • Germany
      • Ghana
      • Greece
      • Grenada
      • Guatemala
      • Guinea
      • Guinea-Bissau
      • Guyana
      • Haiti
      • Honduras
      • Hungary
      • Iceland
      • India
      • Indonesia
      • Iran
      • Iraq
      • Ireland
      • Israel (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by Gaza [Hamas])
      • Italy
      • Jamaica
      • Japan
      • Jordan
      • Kazakhstan
      • Kenya
      • Kiribati
      • Kuwait
      • Kyrgyzstan
      • Laos
      • Latvia
      • Lebanon
      • Lesotho
      • Liberia
      • Libya
      • Liechtenstein
      • Lithuania
      • Luxembourg
      • Madagascar
      • Malawi
      • Malaysia
      • Maldives
      • Mali
      • Malta
      • Marshall Islands
      • Mauritania
      • Mauritius
      • Mexico
      • Micronesia
      • Moldova
      • Monaco
      • Mongolia
      • Montenegro
      • Morocco
      • Mozambique
      • Myanmar
      • Namibia
      • Nauru
      • Nepal
      • Netherlands
      • New Zealand
      • Nicaragua
      • Niger
      • Nigeria
      • North Korea (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by South Korea)
      • North Macedonia
      • Norway
      • Oman
      • Pakistan
      • Palau
      • Panama
      • Papua New Guinea
      • Paraguay
      • Peru
      • Philippines
      • Poland
      • Portugal
      • Qatar
      • Romania
      • Russia
      • Rwanda
      • Saint Kitts and Nevis
      • Saint Lucia
      • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      • Samoa
      • San Marino
      • Sao Tome and Principe
      • Saudi Arabia
      • Senegal
      • Serbia
      • Seychelles
      • Sierra Leone
      • Singapore
      • Slovakia
      • Slovenia
      • Solomon Islands
      • Somalia
      • South Africa
      • South Korea (de facto and de jure sovereign; claimed by North Korea)
      • South Sudan
      • Spain
      • Sri Lanka
      • Sudan
      • Suriname
      • Sweden
      • Switzerland
      • Syria
      • Tajikistan
      • Tanzania
      • Thailand
      • Timor-Leste
      • Togo
      • Tonga
      • Trinidad and Tobago
      • Tunisia
      • Turkey
      • Turkmenistan
      • Tuvalu
      • Uganda
      • Ukraine
      • United Arab Emirates
      • United Kingdom
      • United States
      • Uruguay
      • Uzbekistan
      • Vanuatu
      • Venezuela
      • Vietnam
      • Yemen
      • Zambia
      • Zimbabwe
    • Permanent Observers:
      • Holy See
      • Palestine (de facto and de jure sovereign; partially occupied by Gaza [Hamas] and Israel)
    • Observers:
      • ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO)
      • African Development Bank (ADB)
      • African Union (A.U.)
      • Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
      • Andean Community (CAN)
      • Andean Development Corporation (CAF)
      • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
      • Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFOCO)
      • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
      • Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO)
      • Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
      • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
      • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
      • Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
      • Central American Integration System (SICA)
      • Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute (CAREC)
      • Central European Initiative (CEI)
      • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
      • Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
      • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
      • Commonwealth of Nations (The Commonwealth)
      • Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
      • Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
      • Conference of Ministers of Justice of the Ibero-American Countries (COMJIB)
      • Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA)
      • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)
      • Council of Europe (COE)
      • D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation (Developing-8)
      • East African Community (EAC)
      • Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
      • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
      • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
      • Energy Charter Conference (ECT)
      • Eurasian Development Bank (EDB)
      • Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)
      • Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG)
      • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
      • European Public Law Organization (EPLO)
      • European Union
      • Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC)
      • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
      • Global Dryland Alliance (GDA)
      • Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund)
      • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
      • Group of Seven Plus (G7+)
      • Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
      • Ibero-American Conference (SEGIB)
      • Indian Ocean Commission (COI)
      • Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
      • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
      • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
      • Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
      • International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
      • International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)
      • International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
      • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
      • International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)
      • International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
      • International Conference on the Great Lakes Region of Africa (ICGLR)
      • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
      • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
      • International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
      • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
      • International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS)
      • International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC)
      • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
      • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
      • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
      • International Olympic Committee (IOC)
      • International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
      • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
      • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
      • International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)
      • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
      • International Youth Organization for Ibero-America (OIJ)
      • Islamic Development Bank Group (ISDB)
      • Italy–Latin America Conference
      • Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
      • Latin American Parliament (Parlatino)
      • Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
      • League of Arab States (Arab League)
      • New Development Bank (NDB)
      • OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund)
      • Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
      • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
      • Organization of African, Caribbean, and Pacific States (OACPS)
      • Organization of American States (OAS)
      • Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
      • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
      • Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
      • Pacific Community (P.C.)
      • Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF)
      • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
      • Pan African Intergovernmental Agency for Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA)
      • Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM)
      • Partners in Population and Development (PPD)
      • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
      • Regional Center on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa, and Bordering States (RECSA)
      • Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
      • Small Island Developing States Dock (SIDS DOCK)
      • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
      • South Center
      • Southern African Development Community (SADC)
      • Sovereign Military Order of Malta
      • Union for the Mediterranean (UFM)
      • Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
      • University for Peace (UPEACE)
      • West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
      • World Customs Organization (WCO)
  • Territories:
    • Extraterritorial Areas:
      • U.N. Headquarters (New York, United States)
      • U.N. Office at Geneva (Switzerland)
      • U.N. Office at Nairobi (Kenya)
      • U.N. Office in Vienna (Austria)
    • Governed Territories:
      • U.N. Buffer Zone in Cyprus (administered by the United Nations; claimed by Cyprus and Northern Cyprus)
      • U.N. Mission in Kosovo (administered by the United Nations; de facto and de jure part of Kosovo; claimed by Serbia)
      • U.N. Mission in the Golan Heights (administered by the United Nations; de facto and de jure part of Syria)
  • U.S. diplomatic relations: Yes

Other Areas

Map of Abyei

Abyei is an area on the border between South Sudan and Sudan. Since South Sudan gained independence in 2011, the Abyei region has been given “special administrative status” and is legally part of both South Sudan and Sudan simultaneously. Residents are interim citizens of both states. A referendum to determine Abyei’s permanent disposition as part of either South Sudan or Sudan has been repeatedly delayed. A United Nations peacekeeping force consisting of Ethiopian troops is deployed to the area to prevent military incursions by either state.

  • Short name: Abyei
  • Full name: Abyei Area Administration
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Jointly administered by South Sudan and Sudan; pending referendum to determine status
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Antarctica

Antarctica is the southernmost continent on Earth. It is generally inhospitable; over 98% of its land area is covered by ice and temperatures during the cold season average as low as -81° Fahrenheit (-63° Celsius). There are no permanent human settlements except for research stations. Numerous states have made overlapping territorial claims on the continent, and a large area (Marie Byrd Land) is de jure unclaimed. Territorial claims in Antarctica are generally unrecognized and are held in abeyance by the Antarctic Treaty System, which reserves the continent for research and cooperation.

  • Name: Antarctica
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Structure: Regional; constituent areas:
    • Regions:
      • Adelie Land (claimed by France [French Southern and Antarctic Lands]; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Argentine Antarctica (claimed by Argentina; partially overlaps claims by Chile and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Australian Antarctic Territory (claimed by Australia; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • British Antarctic Territory (claimed by the United Kingdom; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and Chile; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Chilean Antarctic Territory (claimed by Chile; partially overlaps claims by Argentina and the United Kingdom; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Marie Byrd Land (de jure unclaimed; claims independence as Westarctica; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Peter I Island (claimed by Norway; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Queen Maud Land (claimed by Norway; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
      • Ross Dependency (claimed by New Zealand; governed under the Antarctic Treaty System)
  • Territories:
    • Permanent Antarctic Stations:
      • Amundsen–Scott South Pole (United States)
      • Arctowski (Poland)
      • Arrival Heights Laboratory (New Zealand)
      • Arrival Heights Satellite Station (New Zealand)
      • Artigas (Uruguay)
      • Arturo Prat (Chile)
      • Belgrano II (Argentina)
      • Bellingshausen (Russia)
      • Bharati (India)
      • Carlini (Argentina)
      • Casey (Australia)
      • Comandante Ferraz (Brazil)
      • Concordia (France and Italy)
      • Davis (Australia)
      • Dumont d’Urville (France)
      • Eco-Nelson (Czechia)
      • Eduardo Frei and Villa Las Estrellas (Chile)
      • Escudero (Chile)
      • Esperanza (Argentina)
      • General Bernardo O’Higgins (Chile)
      • German Antarctic Receiving Station (Germany)
      • Great Wall (China)
      • Jang Bogo (South Korea)
      • King Sejong (South Korea)
      • Maitri (India)
      • Marambio (Argentina)
      • Mawson (Australia)
      • McMurdo (United States)
      • Mirny (Russia)
      • Neumayer III (Germany)
      • Novolazarevskaya (Russia)
      • Orcadas (Argentina)
      • Palmer (United States)
      • Progress (Russia)
      • Rothera (United Kingdom)
      • SANAE IV (South Africa)
      • San Martín (Argentina)
      • Scott Base (New Zealand)
      • Syowa (Japan)
      • Troll (Norway)
      • Vernadsky (Ukraine and United Kingdom)
      • Vostok (Russia)
      • Zhongshan (China)
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Bir Tawil

Bir Tawil is an uninhabited desert area along the border between Egypt and Sudan. No state makes any de jure or de facto claim upon it, and it is the only large unclaimed territory in the world that is not either controlled by a state (like Gornja Siga by Croatia) or governed by international treaties (like Marie Byrd Land in Antarctica). Although some individual people have claimed Bir Tawil as their own micronation, no such effort has resulted in stable de facto control of the area and it remains “terra nullius.”

  • Name: Bir Tawil
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Hans Island

Hans Island is a remote, uninhabited island located on the maritime border between Canada [Nunavut] and Denmark [Greenland]. It is claimed by both states, but neither exerts stable de facto control over the island. If the established maritime borders were extended through the island from their closest points north and south, the island would be split roughly in half between Canadian and Danish territory and create a land border between the states. A joint task force is working to determine the island’s final disposition.

  • Name: Hans Island
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Claimed by Canada [Nunavut] and Denmark [Greenland]
  • U.N. status: None

Map of International Space Station

The International Space Station is a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. It was built as a cooperative multinational project involving Canada, Japan, Russia, the United States, and the member states of the European Space Agency. It is governed by the Space Station Agreement treaty, which stipulates that nations retain jurisdiction and control over the modules they contribute and their personnel aboard. No single state exercises stable de facto control of the entire station. (Diagram by NASA.)

  • Name: International Space Station
  • Other names: ISS, Alpha
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Territories:
    • International Space Station Modules:
      • Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) (United States)
      • Columbus (ESA Shared Jurisdiction)
      • Cupola (United States)
      • Destiny (U.S. Lab) (United States)
      • Harmony (Node 2) (United States)
      • Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo) (Japan)
      • Leonardo (Permanent Multipurpose Module) (United States)
      • Nauka (Multipurpose Laboratory Module-Upgrade) (Russia)
      • Poisk (Mini-Research Module 2) (Russia)
      • Prichal (Uzlovoy Module) (Russia)
      • Quest (Joint Airlock Module) (United States)
      • Rassvet (Mini-Research Module 1) (Russia)
      • Tranquility (Node 3) (United States)
      • Unity (Node 1) (United States)
      • Zarya (Functional Cargo Block) (russia)
      • Zvezda (Service Module) (Russia)
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Jammu and Kashmir

The region of Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed area located at the northern edge of the Indian subcontinent in Asia. China, India, and Pakistan each have multiple competing claims over part or all of it, and it is generally recognized as one of the most militarized boundary areas in the world. De facto control is currently split between the competing states: China administers the northeast portion (Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract); India administers the central and southern portion (Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh); and Pakistan administers the northwest portion (Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan).

  • Name: Jammu and Kashmir
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Partially occupied by China, India, and Pakistan; multiple claims
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Koualou

The Koualou region on the border between Benin and Burkina Faso has been contested between those states since they each gained independence from France in 1960. Violent incidents in the early 2000s resulted in an agreement between the states that made Koualou a neutral zone until its final disposition can be determined by the United Nations International Court of Justice, which has not yet ruled on the matter. (Map by OpenStreetMap.)

  • Name: Koualou
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Neutral by agreement; claimed by Benin and Burkina Faso
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Kurdistan

Kurdistan is a region in the middle east populated primarily by ethnic Kurds, who have a distinct culture, language, and identity, but no nation-state of their own. It is de facto and de jure split between parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey, but there is an active Kurdish nationalist movement that seeks either full independence or greater autonomy within the framework of existing states. The right of the Kurdish people to self-determination is highly restricted; Kurdistan is located entirely in states whose freedom scores are in the repressive range.

  • Name: Kurdistan
  • Other names: Greater Kurdistan
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:De facto part of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey; active separatist movement
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Macclesfield Bank

The Macclesfield Bank is a sunken atoll in the South China Sea that is claimed by both China and Taiwan. It is east of the Paracel Islands and north of the Spratly Islands, both of which are the subject of territorial disputes. No claimant exerts stable de facto control over the bank. Because it is submerged, it is unclear if it is subject to territorial claim at all under the norms of international law. (Map by Holger Behr.)

  • Name: Macclesfield Bank
  • Other names: Zhongsha Islands
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Claimed by China and Taiwan
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Misteriosa Bank

The Misteriosa Bank is a sunken atoll in the Caribbean Sea. It is located in international waters roughly equidistant between Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico. It has been claimed as the site of a micronation named the Principality of New Utopia, but its government does not exert stable de facto control over the bank and should not be considered sovereign. Because it is submerged, it is unclear if it is subject to territorial claims at all under the norms of international law.

  • Name: Misteriosa Bank
  • Other names: New Utopia; Principality of New Utopia
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Mouth of the Ntem River

A United Nations International Court of Justice settlement in 2002 mostly resolved maritime boundary disputes in the Gulf of Guinea, but the disposition of a small area at the mouth of the Ntem River is still disputed between Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. Both states claim the area, and the numerous small, uninhabited islands within, but neither exerts stable de facto control. (Map by OpenStreetMap.)

  • Name: Mouth of the Ntem River
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Claimed by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Prevlaka

Prevlaka is an uninhabited peninsula in the Adriatic Sea at the mouth of the Bay of Kotor. It is claimed by Croatia and Montenegro, though it is geographically contiguous with Croatia and is currently demilitarized and neutral by agreement between the two states. A commission has been established by Croatia and Montenegro to determine a final settlement of the border, but the matter remains unresolved.

  • Name: Prevlaka
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Neutral by agreement; claimed by Croatia and Montenegro
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Rockall Islet

Rockall Islet is a small island in the north Atlantic Ocean that is subject to competing claims by Denmark [Faroe Islands], Ireland, and the United Kingdom (U.K). The U.K. claims the islet lies within its exclusive economic zone under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Denmark and Ireland each claim continental shelf rights in the region. Iceland also has interests in the region, but does not claim Rockall itself or the immediate area. No state exerts stable de facto control over the islet.

  • Name: Rockall Islet
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Claimed by Denmark [Faroe Islands], Iceland, and the United Kingdom
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Spratly Islands

The Spratly Islands, an archipelago in the South China Sea, are subject to multiple overlapping territorial claims by five sovereign states. China, Taiwan, and Vietnam claim the entire archipelago outright, while Malaysia and the Philippines claim portions. Claimants have established at least forty-five settlements on the islands, mostly military bases. Though these settlements may establish stable de facto control on particular islands, no state exerts stable de facto control over the entire archipelago. (Map by Holger Behr.)

  • Name: Spratly Islands
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • Sovereignty dispute:​ Claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; partially claimed by Malaysia and Philippines
  • U.N. status: None

Map of Wonderland

Wonderland is a micronation established by Gerard Beukeveld on the border between Germany [Lower Saxony] and the Netherlands [Holland]. It is located in Europark, an area that is partially located in both neighboring states. It is a small strip of territory unclaimed by either Germany or the Netherlands, and has been previously called Beukeveld and EuroStaete. It cannot be considered sovereign in its own right because it is too small to be habitable, but is notable for being located in an area that does appear to be otherwise “terra nullius.” (Map by OpenStreetMap.)

  • Name: Wonderland
  • Other names: Beukeveld; EuroStaete
  • Freedom score: Not scored
  • Development score: Not scored
  • U.N. status: None

Map Information

Unless otherwise noted, country maps are reproduced from the United States Central Intelligence Agency CIA World Factbook or the United Nations Geospatial website. These maps are in the public domain and may be copied freely without permission.

Other maps are used under the “fair use” provisions of copyright law.

Maps in this document may not always accurately represent the status of disputed territories and should not be treated as an endorsement of the political situation in any given place.

Works Consulted

Economist Intelligence Unit. Democracy Index 2020, 2021.

Horsthuis, Jorie and Floor Koomen. “Places” (and linked pages). De Facto. Accessed December 5, 2021.

Miller, Terry, Anthony B. Kim, and James M. Roberts. 2021 Index of Economic Freedom. Heritage Foundation, 2021.

Repucci, Sarah and Amy Slipowitz. Freedom in the World 2021. Freedom House, 2021.

United Nations. “Geospatial, General Maps.UN.org. Accessed December 18, 2021.

United Nations. “Intergovernmental and Other Organizations.UN.org. Accessed December 5, 2021.

United Nations. “Member States.UN.org. Accessed December 5, 2021.

United Nations. “Non-Member States.UN.org. Accessed December 5, 2021.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. “World Factbook.CIA.gov, December 2, 2021.

U.S. Department of State. “Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty.State.gov, December 17, 2020.

U.S. Department of State. “Independent States in the World.State.gov, January 29, 2021.

Vásquez, Ian and Fred McMahon. The Human Freedom Index 2020. Cato Institute and Fraser Institute, 2020.

Wikipedia Editors and Contributors. “List of Countries by System of Government” (and linked articles). Wikipedia (English), December 1, 2021.

Wikipedia Editors and Contributors. “List of Micronations” (and linked articles). Wikipedia (English), November 27, 2021.

Wikipedia Editors and Contributors. “List of Sovereign States” (and linked articles). Wikipedia (English), December 5, 2021.

Wikipedia Editors and Contributors. “List of Territorial Disputes” (and linked articles). Wikipedia (English), December 1, 2021.

Scott Bradford has been putting his opinions on his website since 1995—before most people knew what a website was. He has been a professional web developer in the public- and private-sector for over twenty years. He is an independent constitutional conservative who believes in human rights and limited government, and a Catholic Christian whose beliefs are summarized in the Nicene Creed. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Public Administration from George Mason University. He loves Pink Floyd and can play the bass guitar . . . sort-of. He’s a husband, pet lover, amateur radio operator, and classic AMC/Jeep enthusiast.